Alchornea hirtella Benth.

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Alchornea hirtella

Photo: Mark Hyde
Aberfoyle, near Canaan Village

Alchornea hirtella

Photo: Mark Hyde
Aberfoyle, near Canaan Village

Alchornea hirtella

Photo: Mark Hyde
Aberfoyle, near Canaan Village

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Alchornea floribunda Müll. Arg. var. glabrata Müll. Arg.
Alchornea glabrata (Müll. Arg.) Prain
Common names: Forest bead-string (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rather spindly shrub or small tree. Bark smooth, pale grey; branches often lax, sometimes with aerial roots. Leaves alternate, elliptic-oblanceolate, 5-20 cm long, light green, single-veined from the base; young leaves reddish with short soft hairs; base with a pair of glands on the upper surface; margin irregularly and shallowly toothed; petiole up to 2 cm long, swollen at both ends. Stipules bristle-like. Flowers in terminal and axillary panicles, unisexual in different inflorescences on the same plant or on different plants. Male flowers minute, orange-yellowish, with 2 sepals, usually in terminal (rarely axillary) panicles. Female flowers greenish with red styles, in shorter more spike-like inflorescences. Fruit a 3-lobed capsule, c. 10 mm in diameter, smooth, green to brown when ripe.
Notes: The taxon occurring in Zimbabwe and Mozambique is f. glabrata (Müll. Arg.) Pax & K. Hoffm.
Derivation of specific name: hirtella : finely and minutely hairy
Habitat: Occurring in the understorey of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 400 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in more humid parts of tropical Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 4 February 2011
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 252.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Page 152. as Alchornea hirtella forma hirtella and forma glabrata

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Pages 84 - 85.


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Other sources of information about Alchornea hirtella:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Alchornea hirtella
Flora of Mozambique: Alchornea hirtella
Flora of Zambia: Alchornea hirtella

External websites:

African Plant Database: Alchornea hirtella
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Alchornea hirtella
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Alchornea hirtella
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Alchornea hirtella
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Alchornea hirtella
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Alchornea hirtella
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Alchornea hirtella
Ispot Southern Africa : Alchornea hirtella
JSTOR Plant Science: Alchornea hirtella
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Alchornea hirtella
Tropicos: Alchornea hirtella
West African Plants database: Alchornea hirtella


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Alchornea hirtella.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=134950, retrieved 24 September 2016

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