Acalypha indica L.

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Acalypha indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Acalypha indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Acalypha indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Acalypha indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Acalypha bailloniana Müll. Arg.
Acalypha somalium Müll. Arg.
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect annual herb, up to c. 1.2 m tall. Stems longitudinally ribbed and pubescent. Leaves rhombic-ovate, up to 7 × 5 cm, 5-veined from the base, hairless to finely velvety on both surfaces; margin toothed except near the base. Flowers in axillary spikes, unisexual on the same inflorescence. Female flowers below, held in shallowly cup-shaped bracts with toothed margins; male flowers above, very small, yellowish-green. Fruit 1.5 × 2 mm, 3-lobed, tuberculate, pubescent.
Notes: This species is part of a closely related group, including A. crenata and A. segetalis.
Derivation of specific name: indica: of India
Habitat: In shade along rivers, seasonal water courses and pans, at the base of rocky outcrop, often in sandy soils and disturbed areas.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Thoughout the Old World tropics and introduced into the warmer parts of the New World.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 11 May 2008

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 87. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 79. (Includes a picture).

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 206 - 207.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 55.


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Other sources of information about Acalypha indica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acalypha indica
Flora of Malawi: Acalypha indica
Flora of Mozambique: Acalypha indica
Flora of Zambia: Acalypha indica

External websites:

African Plant Database: Acalypha indica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Acalypha indica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acalypha indica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acalypha indica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acalypha indica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Acalypha indica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acalypha indica
Ispot Southern Africa : Acalypha indica
JSTOR Plant Science: Acalypha indica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acalypha indica
Tropicos: Acalypha indica
West African Plants database: Acalypha indica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acalypha indica., retrieved 1 June 2016

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