Vernicia montana Lour.

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Vernicia montana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd, nr Mountain Lodge

Vernicia montana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd, nr Mountain Lodge

Vernicia montana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd, nr Mountain Lodge

Vernicia montana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd, nr Mountain Lodge

Vernicia montana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd, nr Mountain Lodge

Vernicia montana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd, nr Mountain Lodge

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Aleurites montana (Lour.) Wilson
Common names: Chinese wood-oil tree (English)
Frequency: Rare
Status: Cultivated and rarely naturalised
Description:
Tree, to 15 m with crisped-ferrugineous indumentum. Leaves: petiole long, to 25 cm; lamina broadly ovate, entire to 3-lobed, with 2 turbinate glands at the base of the lamina and one in each of the sinuses of the lobes. Inflorescences usually unisexual, broadly corymbose. Flowers appearing with the leaves. Male flowers: petals 1.5-2.5 cm, clawed, white; staminal column to 2 cm. Female flowers similar to male but ovary densely ferrugineous-tomentose. Fruit c. 3.5 × 4 cm, ovoid-subspherical, apiculate, 3(-5)-ridged and laxly reticulate.
Notes: This species is included on the basis of two records. The first is the checklist of Chirinda Forest species where it is recorded as cultivated and naturalised. The second is our record from near the former Mountain Lodge hotel in the Vumba, where although the major trees were probably planted, numerous smaller trees have arisen spontaneously.
Derivation of specific name: montana: of mountainous areas (montane)
Habitat: Edge of evergreen forest
Altitude range: (metres) 1500 m
Flowering time:Oct
Worldwide distribution: Southern China, Burma, Indochina and Thailand
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 22 October 2005
Literature:

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 20.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 301 - 303. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Vernicia montana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: cultivated Vernicia montana
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Vernicia montana
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Vernicia montana
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Vernicia montana

External websites:

African Plant Database: Vernicia montana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Vernicia montana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vernicia montana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vernicia montana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vernicia montana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Vernicia montana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vernicia montana
Ispot Southern Africa : Vernicia montana
JSTOR Plant Science: Vernicia montana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vernicia montana
Tropicos: Vernicia montana
West African Plants database: Vernicia montana


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Vernicia montana.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=135370, retrieved 7 December 2016

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