Jatropha gossypiifolia L.
var. elegans (Pohl) Müll. Arg.

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Jatropha gossypiifolia var. elegans

Photo: Bart Wursten
Edge of lake, Hot Springs Resort

Jatropha gossypiifolia var. elegans

Photo: Bart Wursten
Edge of lake, Hot Springs Resort

Jatropha gossypiifolia var. elegans

Photo: Bart Wursten
Edge of lake, Hot Springs Resort

Jatropha gossypiifolia var. elegans

Photo: Bart Wursten
Edge of lake, Hot Springs Resort

Jatropha gossypiifolia var. elegans

Photo: Bart Wursten
Edge of lake, Hot Springs Resort

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Jatropha elegans (Pohl) Klotzsch
Common names: Red physic nut (English)
Frequency: Locally abundant
Status: Introduced
Description:
Multi-stemmed shrub. Stems and branches hollow, purple, covered in stalked glands (image 3). Leaves crowded near the ends of branches, palmately 3-5-lobed, dark purple when young, turning olive-green with age, margins and petioles with hair-like stalked glands. Flowers in terminal clusters, deep red with a yellow centre. Fruit a 3-lobed capsule.
Notes: Introduced as a fast-growing hedge plant and has become naturalised. It is particularly abundant in the Nyanyadzi and Birchenough Bridge areas.
Derivation of specific name: gossypiifolia: with leaves like a Gossypium, i.e. palmately lobed
Habitat: Near rivers and particularly in disturbed areas.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: native to tropical America from Mexico to Paraguay and naturalised elsewhere
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 12 June 2006
Literature:

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Page 259.


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Other sources of information about Jatropha gossypiifolia var. elegans:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Jatropha gossypiifolia var. elegans
Flora of Mozambique: Jatropha gossypiifolia var. elegans
Flora of Zambia: Jatropha gossypiifolia var. elegans
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Jatropha gossypiifolia var. elegans

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Jatropha gossypiifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Jatropha gossypiifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Jatropha gossypiifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Jatropha gossypiifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Jatropha gossypiifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Jatropha gossypiifolia
Ispot Southern Africa : Jatropha gossypiifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Jatropha gossypiifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Jatropha gossypiifolia
Tropicos: Jatropha gossypiifolia
West African Plants database: Jatropha gossypiifolia


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Jatropha gossypiifolia var. elegans.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=135410, retrieved 31 August 2016

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