Jatropha spicata Pax

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Jatropha spicata

Photo: Bart Wursten
SRGH

Jatropha spicata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hwali River bridge

Jatropha spicata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hwali River bridge

Jatropha spicata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hwali River bridge

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Synonyms: Jatropha messinica E.A. Bruce
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Small shrub, up to 1.25 m. Stems brittle, somewhat succulent, hairless. Leaves up to 14 × 10 cm, deeply palmately divided into 5-7; lobes narrowly elliptic-lanceolate to linear lanceolate, more or less deep green; margin with glandular teeth. Inflorescences terminal, laxly branched. Flowers unisexual, yellow to greenish-yellow. Fruit subcylindric, lobed, up to 12 × 9 mm, hairless, pale green, drying brown.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: spicata: arranged in a spike.
Habitat: In hot dry river valleys, on basalt rocky hillsides and in gravelly soils in open dry Acacia-Mopane-Commiphora woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 360 - 580 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Limpopo, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 1 May 2008
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 252. As Jatropha messinica

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Page 264.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 57.


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Other sources of information about Jatropha spicata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Jatropha spicata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Jatropha spicata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Jatropha spicata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Jatropha spicata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Jatropha spicata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Jatropha spicata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Jatropha spicata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Jatropha spicata
Ispot Southern Africa : Jatropha spicata
JSTOR Plant Science: Jatropha spicata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Jatropha spicata
Tropicos: Jatropha spicata
West African Plants database: Jatropha spicata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Jatropha spicata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=135480, retrieved 26 July 2016

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