Spirostachys africana Sond.

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Spirostachys africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Spirostachys africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Spirostachys africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Excoecaria africana (Sond.) Müll.
Common names: Munhiti (Shona) Mutivoti (Shona) Mutomboti (Shona) Mutsomvori (Shona) Mutuvuti (Shona) Tamboti (English) Ubande (Ndebele) Umthombothi (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Medium-sized deciduous tree with a rounded crown. Bark dark grey to blackish, rough, cracking in rectangular pieces; milky latex present. Leaves spirally arranged, elliptic to ovate, up to 7 cm long, dull green, hairless or slightly hairy; base with 2 small glands at the junction with the petiole; margins shallowly crenate. Flowers unisexual on the same tree, in catkin like spikes, deep red. Fruit 3-lobed, c. 6 × 13 mm, yellowish, dehiscent.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: In deciduous woodland, often along rivers and streams.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1350 m
Flowering time:Sep - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 12 March 2007
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 313 - 315. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 58.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 38.


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Other sources of information about Spirostachys africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Spirostachys africana
Flora of Mozambique: Spirostachys africana

External websites:

African Plant Database: Spirostachys africana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Spirostachys africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Spirostachys africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Spirostachys africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Spirostachys africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Spirostachys africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Spirostachys africana
Ispot Southern Africa : Spirostachys africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Spirostachys africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Spirostachys africana
Tropicos: Spirostachys africana
West African Plants database: Spirostachys africana


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Spirostachys africana.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=135700, retrieved 25 August 2016

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