Shirakiopsis elliptica (Hochst.) Esser

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Shirakiopsis elliptica

Photo: Bart Wursten
John Ball's cottage, Vumba

Shirakiopsis elliptica

Photo: Bart Wursten
John Ball's cottage, Vumba

Shirakiopsis elliptica

Photo: Bart Wursten
By roadside, Vumba road before the Essex road turnoff

Shirakiopsis elliptica

Photo: Bart Wursten
By roadside, Vumba road before the Essex road turnoff

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Sapium ellipticum (Hochst. ex Krauss) Pax
Sapium mannianum (Müll. Arg.) Benth.
Common names: Jumping-seed tree (English) Mugarahwirite (Shona) Munyeredzi (Shona)
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized tree. Leaves elliptic, oblong or lanceolate, 4-14 cm, leathery, dark green above, paler below; margin toothed or scalloped; 2-4 glands present on the margin near the base. Petiole shallowly grooved on top. Flowers in terminal, catkin-like spikes, yellow. Fruit c. 10 × 7 mm, 1-2-lobed, crowned with the persistent styles, reddish-brown when ripe.
Notes: The status of the record from the Central Division is discussed in Note 1.
Derivation of specific name: elliptica: elliptic, oblong with rounded ends
Habitat: In and along the margins of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 500 - 1800 m
Flowering time:Nov - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Throughout most of tropical Africa to KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Sevenia boisduvali boisduvali (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 26 February 2007

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 149. as Sapium ellipticum (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253. As Sapium ellipticum

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 324 - 325. As Sapium ellipticum

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 89. as Sapium ellipticum


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Flora of Malawi: Shirakiopsis elliptica
Flora of Mozambique: Shirakiopsis elliptica
Flora of Zambia: Shirakiopsis elliptica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Shirakiopsis elliptica
African Plant Database: Shirakiopsis elliptica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Shirakiopsis elliptica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Shirakiopsis elliptica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Shirakiopsis elliptica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Shirakiopsis elliptica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Shirakiopsis elliptica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Shirakiopsis elliptica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Shirakiopsis elliptica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Shirakiopsis elliptica
Ispot Southern Africa: Shirakiopsis elliptica
JSTOR Plant Science: Shirakiopsis elliptica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Shirakiopsis elliptica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Shirakiopsis elliptica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Shirakiopsis elliptica
Tropicos: Shirakiopsis elliptica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Shirakiopsis elliptica., retrieved 18 January 2018

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