Euphorbia cyathophora Murray

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Euphorbia cyathophora

Photo: Mark Hyde
Near Ifaty, W Madagascar

Euphorbia cyathophora

Photo: Mark Hyde
Near Ifaty, W Madagascar

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Synonyms: Poinsettia cyathophora (Murray) Klotzsch
Common names: Dwarf poinsettia (English) Fire-on-the-mountain (English) Painted spurge (English)
Frequency:
Status: Introduced
Description:
Erect annual herb to 1 m. Leaves: petiole to 1.5 cm; lamina panduriform; margin irregularly toothed; base cuneate; apex obtuse. Inflorescence of densely clustered cyathia in terminal cymes. Basal bracts similar to leaves but with a bright orange-red blotch at the base; upper bracts smaller, more completely red. Involucral gland 1, barrel shaped, with a transversely elliptic opening. Capsule 4 × 5 mm, exserted on a reflexed pedicel. Seeds blackish-brown bearing sharply pointed warts.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In disturbed ground
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Pantropical; introduced in tropical Africa and becoming naturalised
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Page 363.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 56.


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Other sources of information about Euphorbia cyathophora:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Euphorbia cyathophora
Flora of Mozambique: Euphorbia cyathophora
Flora of Zambia: Euphorbia cyathophora
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Euphorbia cyathophora

External websites:

African Plant Database: Euphorbia cyathophora
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Euphorbia cyathophora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia cyathophora
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia cyathophora
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia cyathophora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Euphorbia cyathophora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia cyathophora
Ispot Southern Africa : Euphorbia cyathophora
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia cyathophora
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia cyathophora
Tropicos: Euphorbia cyathophora
West African Plants database: Euphorbia cyathophora


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Euphorbia cyathophora.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=135840, retrieved 25 September 2016

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