Euphorbia espinosa Pax

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Euphorbia espinosa

Photo: Rob Burrett
South-West of Hwange Town

Euphorbia espinosa

Photo: Rob Burrett
South-West of Hwange Town

Euphorbia espinosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the Hide, Hippo Pools

Euphorbia espinosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the Hide, Hippo Pools

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Euphorbia gynophora Pax
Euphorbia nodosa N.E. Br.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Woody, unarmed shrub or small tree. Bark smooth, shiny, olive-green with brown papery strips peeling off. Leaves oblong-elliptic, 3.5-5.5 cm long with widely spaced, yellowish veins; margin entire, petiole up to 12 mm long. Flowers in subsessile clusters along the branches, yellowish-green. Fruit a 3-lobed capsule, c. 8 mm in diameter, blue-green.
Notes: This species resembles Euphorbia matabelensis but that species has branchlets characteristically in whorls of 3.
Derivation of specific name: espinosa: without spines
Habitat: In mopane, miombo and other deciduous woodland, often on rocky outcrops and hillsides.
Altitude range: (metres) 300 - 1400 m
Flowering time:Jul - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Southern Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Caprivi-Namibia.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 15 November 2015
Literature:

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 390 - 391.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 527 - 528.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 337.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 56.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 36.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 207.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 88 - 89. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 98 - 99. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Euphorbia espinosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Euphorbia espinosa
Flora of Caprivi: Euphorbia espinosa
Flora of Malawi: Euphorbia espinosa
Flora of Zambia: Euphorbia espinosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia espinosa
African Plant Database: Euphorbia espinosa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Euphorbia espinosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia espinosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia espinosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia espinosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia espinosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia espinosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Euphorbia espinosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia espinosa
Ispot Southern Africa: Euphorbia espinosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia espinosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia espinosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia espinosa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Euphorbia espinosa
Tropicos: Euphorbia espinosa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Euphorbia espinosa.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=135920, retrieved 12 December 2017

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