Euphorbia indica Lam.

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Euphorbia indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the large rock tunnel, Mt Buchwa

Euphorbia indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the large rock tunnel, Mt Buchwa

Euphorbia indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the large rock tunnel, Mt Buchwa

Euphorbia indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the large rock tunnel, Mt Buchwa

Euphorbia indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the large rock tunnel, Mt Buchwa

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Chamaesyce indica (Lam.) Croizat
Euphorbia hypericifolia sensu auct.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Introduced
Description:
Annual herb with spreading to more or less erect branches up to 50 cm long, rarely longer. Most parts sparsely hairy at least when young, often purple tinged. Leaves opposite, ovate, up to 3 cm long, asymmetric at the base, usually hairless above; margin obscurely toothed; petiole up to 3 mm long; stipules up to 1.5 mm long, broadly triangular, frilled at the apex. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, capitate, up to 1.5 cm in diameter. Cyathia glands with small white petal-like appendages, up to 1 mm wide. Capsule c. 2 mm in diameter, acutely 3-lobed, exserted on a reflexed pedicel c. 1.5 mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: indica: of India
Habitat: In floodplain grassland and seasonally water-logged places, often on black clay soils.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1570 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to India but widely naturalized in Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 4 February 2016
Literature:

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 346 - 347.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 56. as Euphorbia hypericifolia

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 41.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 48.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 57.


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Other sources of information about Euphorbia indica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Euphorbia indica
Flora of Malawi: Euphorbia indica
Flora of Mozambique: Euphorbia indica
Flora of Zambia: Euphorbia indica

External websites:

African Plant Database: Euphorbia indica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Euphorbia indica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia indica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia indica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia indica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Euphorbia indica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia indica
Ispot Southern Africa : Euphorbia indica
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia indica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia indica
Tropicos: Euphorbia indica
West African Plants database: Euphorbia indica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Euphorbia indica.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=136060, retrieved 30 May 2016

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