Synadenium kirkii N.E. Br.

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Synadenium kirkii

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare.

Synadenium kirkii

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare.

Synadenium kirkii

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare.

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Synonyms: Synadenium gazense N.E. Br.
Synadenium grantii sensu N.E. Br.
Common names: Northern dead-man's tree (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree with fleshy stems and branches. Milky latex present. Leaves spirally arranged, crowded near the ends of branches, c. 11-18 cm long, thick and fleshy, green, often tinged purple-red, more or less broadly obovate, subsessile, pubescent on the basal part and the margins above, more densely so below; midrib prominent below. Flowers in sub-umbellate axillary and terminal heads, yellowish-green, unisexual on the same tree. Fruit acutely lobed, c. 6.5 mm, pale brown, thinly pubescent, dehiscent.
Notes: See Synadenium cameronii for comparison, which is best distinguished by the leaves being entirely hairless.
Derivation of specific name: kirkii: named after Dr John Kirk, who accompanied David Livingstone on his Zambezi expedition of 1858
Habitat: In mixed deciduous woodland, often on rocky outcrops.
Altitude range: (metres) 45 - 1000 m
Flowering time:Apr - May
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 29 January 2009

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 437 - 438.


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Flora of Malawi: Synadenium kirkii
Flora of Mozambique: Synadenium kirkii

External websites:

African Plant Database: Synadenium kirkii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Synadenium kirkii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Synadenium kirkii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Synadenium kirkii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Synadenium kirkii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Synadenium kirkii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Synadenium kirkii
Ispot Southern Africa : Synadenium kirkii
JSTOR Plant Science: Synadenium kirkii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Synadenium kirkii
Tropicos: Synadenium kirkii
West African Plants database: Synadenium kirkii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Synadenium kirkii., retrieved 21 October 2016

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