Mangifera indica L.

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Mangifera indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls

Mangifera indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls

Mangifera indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls

Mangifera indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Val D'Or

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Mango (English)
Frequency: Rare (as a naturalised plant)
Status: Introduced
Description:
Medium to large tree. Leaves alternate, simple, glabrous, oblong-lanceolate with a prominent midrib. Inflorescence a large (up to 30 cm long) pyramidal panicle with male and female flowers in the same panicle; axis reddish, shortly hairy. Sepals 5, green with whitish margin. Petals 5, 3-5 mm long, whitish with the 3-7 nerves yellow or reddish. Stamens 1(-2), fertile; staminodes 3(-4), very short. Disk c. 2 mm tall, thick. Fruit a large fleshy drupe, variable in shape and size, yellow to red when ripe.
Notes: Very commonly cultivated in the tropics for its edible fruits but rarely found in Zimbabwe as an escape. The species is recorded as naturalised in the Eastern Division in Drummond (1975) and the specimen cited is Drummond 10209. Our records show a number of observations, mainly in the Eastern districts where the species is or is likely to be, naturalised.
Derivation of specific name: indica: of India
Habitat:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Jul - Sep
Worldwide distribution: Native of East tropical Asia
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Gonimbrasia belina (Larval foodplant)
Daphnis nerii (Larval foodplant)
Eudocima materna (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 30 March 2006
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1966). Anacardiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Page 552.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 16.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 196.


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Other sources of information about Mangifera indica:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Mangifera indica
Flora of Mozambique: Mangifera indica
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Mangifera indica
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Mangifera indica
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Mangifera indica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Mangifera indica
African Plant Database: Mangifera indica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Mangifera indica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Mangifera indica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Mangifera indica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Mangifera indica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Mangifera indica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Mangifera indica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Mangifera indica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Mangifera indica
Ispot Southern Africa: Mangifera indica
JSTOR Plant Science: Mangifera indica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Mangifera indica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Mangifera indica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Mangifera indica
Tropicos: Mangifera indica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Mangifera indica.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=136500, retrieved 20 October 2017

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