Mangifera indica L.

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Mangifera indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls

Mangifera indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls

Mangifera indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls

Mangifera indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Val D'Or

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Mango (English)
Frequency: Rare (as a naturalised plant)
Status: Introduced
Medium to large tree. Leaves alternate, simple, glabrous, oblong-lanceolate with prominent midrib. Inflorescence a panicle with male and female flowers in the same infl; axis reddish, shortly hairy. Flowers greenish-cream with reddish veins. Fruit a large fleshy drupe, variable in shape and size, yellow to red when ripe.
Notes: Very commonly cultivated in the tropics for its edible fruits and rarely found in the wild as an escape. The species is recorded as naturalised in the E Division in Drummond (1975) and the specimen cited is Drummond 10209. In my checklist, version 1.2, I (MAH) stated that there was no material in SRGH apart from cultivated material. However, now (i.e. 10 December 2004) I see that there is a folder for division E which contains one specimen, namely JS Weir in CAH 7308. This was collected on 26 July 1960 with the following note: "Rupisi Hot Springs on banks of streams (temp. 33 degrees C.) below swimming pool. Tree 30-50 feet". Although the collector does not state whether this is naturalised or cultivated, the curator of SRGH has not placed it in a cultivated plants folder.
Derivation of specific name: indica: of India
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Jul - Sep
Worldwide distribution: Native of E tropical Asia
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Gonimbrasia belina (Larval foodplant)
Daphnis nerii (Larval foodplant)
Eudocima materna (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 30 March 2006

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1966). Anacardiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Page 552.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 196.


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Other sources of information about Mangifera indica:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Mangifera indica
Flora of Mozambique: Mangifera indica
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Mangifera indica
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Mangifera indica
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Mangifera indica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Mangifera indica
African Plant Database: Mangifera indica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Mangifera indica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Mangifera indica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Mangifera indica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Mangifera indica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Mangifera indica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Mangifera indica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Mangifera indica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Mangifera indica
Ispot Southern Africa: Mangifera indica
JSTOR Plant Science: Mangifera indica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Mangifera indica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Mangifera indica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Mangifera indica
Tropicos: Mangifera indica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Mangifera indica., retrieved 23 August 2017

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