Lannea schweinfurthii (Engl.) Engl.
var. stuhlmannii (Engl.) Kokwaro

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Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hot Springs, Odzi-Save valley

Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hot Springs, Odzi-Save valley

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Lannea stuhlmannii (Engl.) Engl.
Common names: False marula (English) Musototo (Shona) Musvinwa (Shona) Nzivata (Shona) Umganudnuna (Ndebele) Umganunkomo (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Small to medium-sized tree with drooping branches. Bark grey, flaking to reveal a lighter underbark. Leaves crowded at the ends of branches, imparipinnate with 1-5 pairs of leaflets and a terminal leaflet; leaflets broadly ovate or elliptic, 2-9 cm long, terminal leaflet larger than lateral leaflets, pale green, young leaflets densely hairy, more or less hairless when mature; apex abruptly but broadly tapering; margin entire. Flowers unisexual on different trees in axillary spikes, yellow-green. Fruits oblong-ellipsoid, c. 1.2 cm long, fleshy, tipped with 4 small points, dark reddish-brown when ripe.
Notes: - See var. tomentosa (Dunkley) Kowaro for comparison
- This tree is used for many cultural, religious and medicinal purposes in traditional cultures.
Derivation of specific name: schweinfurthii: after Dr Georg August Schweinfurth (1836-1925), German botanical collector and taxonomist;
stuhlmannii: after Franz Ernest Stuhlmann, one time Acting Governor of Tanganyika and plant collector
Habitat: In deciduous woodland, river valleys and on rocky outcrops, often on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and South Africa as far as KwaZulu-Natal.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 5 June 2010
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 543 - 544.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 21.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253. As Lannea stuhlmannii

Fernandes, R. & A. (1966). Anacardiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Page 562. as Lannea stuhlmannii

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 21.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 300 - 303. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 22.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 196.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 444 - 445. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii
Flora of Caprivi: Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii
Flora of Malawi: Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii
Flora of Mozambique: Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii
Flora of Zambia: Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii

External websites:

African Plant Database: Lannea schweinfurthii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Lannea schweinfurthii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lannea schweinfurthii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Lannea schweinfurthii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Lannea schweinfurthii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Lannea schweinfurthii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lannea schweinfurthii
Ispot Southern Africa : Lannea schweinfurthii
JSTOR Plant Science: Lannea schweinfurthii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Lannea schweinfurthii
Tropicos: Lannea schweinfurthii
West African Plants database: Lannea schweinfurthii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=136560, retrieved 26 June 2016

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