Ilex mitis (L.) Radlk.
var. mitis

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Ilex mitis var. mitis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Botanic Garden

Ilex mitis var. mitis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Botanic Garden

Ilex mitis var. mitis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Botanic Garden

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ilex capensis Sond.
Common names: African holly (English) Cape holly (English)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Medium sized evergreen tree. Leaves alternate, elliptic to lanceolate, dark green; margin entire or with scattered teeth in the apical half. Young branchlets and leaves distinctly purple tinged. Flowers in small dense axillary clusters, white, unisexual, sexes on different trees. Fruit a shiny round berry, red when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: mitis: mild, gentle
Habitat: In riverine and evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in montane and riverine areas across Africa and Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 75. as Ilex mitis (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 587. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 28.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 254. As Ilex mitis

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Mendes, E.J. (1966). Aquifoliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 353 - 355. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 27.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 332 - 333. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 45.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 160 - 161. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 150 - 152. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Ilex mitis var. mitis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ilex mitis var. mitis
Flora of Mozambique: Ilex mitis var. mitis
Flora of Zambia: Ilex mitis var. mitis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ilex mitis
African Plant Database: Ilex mitis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ilex mitis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ilex mitis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ilex mitis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ilex mitis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ilex mitis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ilex mitis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ilex mitis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ilex mitis
Ispot Southern Africa: Ilex mitis
JSTOR Plant Science: Ilex mitis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ilex mitis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ilex mitis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ilex mitis
Tropicos: Ilex mitis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ilex mitis var. mitis., retrieved 25 March 2017

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