Elaeodendron schlechterianum (Loes.) Loes.

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Elaeodendron schlechterianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Archway Gorge, Mueredze River, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza.

Elaeodendron schlechterianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Archway Gorge, Mueredze River, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza.

Elaeodendron schlechterianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Archway Gorge, Mueredze River, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza.

Elaeodendron schlechterianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Archway Gorge, Mueredze River, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza.

Elaeodendron schlechterianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Archway Gorge, Mueredze River, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cassine lacinulata Loes.
Cassine schlechteriana Loes.
Cassine stuhlmannii (Loes.) Blakelock
Elaeodendron bussei Loes.
Elaeodendron lacinulatum (Loes.) Loes.
Elaeodendron stuhlmannii Loes.
Common names: Large-leaved saffron (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Bark dark grey to almost black, rather smooth; young branches reddish-brown to grey with conspicuous lenticels. Leaves subopposite, sometimes also alternate, elliptic, oblong or obovate, 3.5-12.5 cm long, glossy grey-green to dark above, paler green beneath, thick and leathery; apex variable and sometimes notched; margin hardened with stiff and sharp glandular teeth; petiole 2-15 mm long. Flowers in short, dense, axillary heads, small, whitish. Fruit ellipsoid to subglobose, 12-22 mm long, smooth, white to dark red or brown when dry.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: schlechterianum: named after Friedrich Richard Rudolf Schlechter (1872-1925), German botanist, traveler and plant collector in Africa and/or his brother Max Schlechter (1874-1960).
Habitat: In dry deciduous woodland, often on alluvial soils, in fringing forest or on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 600 m
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 26 October 2016
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 620.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 42.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 255. As Cassine schlechterana (id 137060 = syn schlechteriana)

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 33.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 39.

Robson, N.K.B. (1966). Celastraceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 387 - 388. As Elaeodendron schlechteranum


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Other sources of information about Elaeodendron schlechterianum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Elaeodendron schlechterianum
Flora of Mozambique: Elaeodendron schlechterianum
Flora of Zambia: Elaeodendron schlechterianum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Elaeodendron schlechterianum
African Plant Database: Elaeodendron schlechterianum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Elaeodendron schlechterianum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Elaeodendron schlechterianum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Elaeodendron schlechterianum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Elaeodendron schlechterianum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Elaeodendron schlechterianum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Elaeodendron schlechterianum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Elaeodendron schlechterianum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Elaeodendron schlechterianum
Ispot Southern Africa: Elaeodendron schlechterianum
JSTOR Plant Science: Elaeodendron schlechterianum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Elaeodendron schlechterianum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Elaeodendron schlechterianum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Elaeodendron schlechterianum
Tropicos: Elaeodendron schlechterianum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Elaeodendron schlechterianum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137060, retrieved 11 December 2017

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