Cassinopsis ilicifolia (Hochst.) Kunze

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Cassinopsis ilicifolia

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Near Troutbeck, Nyanga.

Cassinopsis ilicifolia

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Near Troutbeck, Nyanga.

Cassinopsis ilicifolia

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Near Troutbeck, Nyanga.

Cassinopsis ilicifolia

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Near Troutbeck, Nyanga.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cassine ilicifolia Hochst.
Cassinopsis capensis Sond.
Hartogia ilicifolia Hochst.
Common names: Lemon-thorn (English) Spiny cassinopsis (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Somewhat scrambling shrub or small tree armed with scattered straight spines. Leaves opposite, narrowly ovate, up to 6 × 2.5 cm, shiny green above, paler and dull green below, fairly thinly textured, hairless; margin with a few scattered sharp teeth. Flowers in compact axillary heads opposite the spines, white or creamy-green, 7 mm in diameter. Fruit more or less ovoid, c. 13 mm long, smooth, somewhat fleshy, bright orange-red when ripe.
Notes: Surprisingly, not recorded from Mozambique.
Derivation of specific name: ilicifolia: with leaves like an Ilex (Aquifoliaceae).
Habitat: Occurring along margins of evergreen forest and stream banks.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe and South Africa as far as Eastern Cape.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 February 2009
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 256.

Mendes, E.J. (1963). Icacinaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 341 - 342. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Cassinopsis ilicifolia:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cassinopsis ilicifolia
African Plant Database: Cassinopsis ilicifolia
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cassinopsis ilicifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cassinopsis ilicifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cassinopsis ilicifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cassinopsis ilicifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cassinopsis ilicifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cassinopsis ilicifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cassinopsis ilicifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cassinopsis ilicifolia
Ispot Southern Africa: Cassinopsis ilicifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Cassinopsis ilicifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cassinopsis ilicifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cassinopsis ilicifolia
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cassinopsis ilicifolia
Tropicos: Cassinopsis ilicifolia


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cassinopsis ilicifolia.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137240, retrieved 29 May 2017

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