Rhaphiostylis beninensis (Hook. f. ex Planch.) Planch. ex Benth.

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Rhaphiostylis beninensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Luhulu, a small tributary of the Aruwimi River,Central DRC. © National Botanic Garden of Belgium

Rhaphiostylis beninensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Luhulu, a small tributary of the Aruwimi River,Central DRC. © National Botanic Garden of Belgium

Rhaphiostylis beninensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Luhulu, a small tributary of the Aruwimi River,Central DRC. © National Botanic Garden of Belgium

Rhaphiostylis beninensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Luhulu, a small tributary of the Aruwimi River,Central DRC. © National Botanic Garden of Belgium

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Apodytes beninensis Hook. f. ex Planch.
Ptychopetalum cuspidatum R.E. Fr.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Straggling evergreen shrub or liane. Bark dark grey, smooth; young branchlets often dark purple. Leaves alternate, lanceolate to elliptic 7-15 cm long with a distinct drip-tip, glossy dark green above, paler below, leathery, hairless, midrib impressed above, prominent below; margin entire. Flowers in axillary clusters, white, sweet-scented. Fruit broadly ovoid, somewhat flattened asymmetrically stalked, surface distinctly wrinkled, red to black when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: beninensis: of Benin in West Africa, although the type specimen was collected in Liberia.
Habitat: In thickets along forest margins.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Climber, liane, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 1 September 2014
Literature:

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 76.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 256.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 54.

Mendes, E.J. (1963). Icacinaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 147 - 148. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 68.


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Other sources of information about Rhaphiostylis beninensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Rhaphiostylis beninensis
Flora of Zambia: Rhaphiostylis beninensis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Rhaphiostylis beninensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Rhaphiostylis beninensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rhaphiostylis beninensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rhaphiostylis beninensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rhaphiostylis beninensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Rhaphiostylis beninensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rhaphiostylis beninensis
Ispot Southern Africa : Rhaphiostylis beninensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Rhaphiostylis beninensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rhaphiostylis beninensis
Tropicos: Rhaphiostylis beninensis
West African Plants database: Rhaphiostylis beninensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rhaphiostylis beninensis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137270, retrieved 26 May 2016

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