Blighia unijugata Baker

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Blighia unijugata

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Catapu, Mozambique

Blighia unijugata

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Catapu, Mozambique

Blighia unijugata

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Catapu, Mozambique

Blighia unijugata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vunduzi river near Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

Blighia unijugata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vunduzi river near Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

Blighia unijugata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vunduzi river near Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

Blighia unijugata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vunduzi river near Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

Blighia unijugata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vunduzi river near Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

Blighia unijugata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vunduzi river near Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Phialodiscus unijugatus (Baker) Radlk.
Common names: Triangle tops (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Bark grey to brownish, generally smooth but often with small knobbly warts. Leaves paripinnate, up to 30 cm with 2-3 pairs of leaflets; leaflets ovate to elliptic, end pair largest, up to 15 cm, glossy dark green above, hairless, apex tapering into a driptip; margin entire, often wavy. Flowers unisexual, usually on different trees, white, sweetly scented. Fruit in clusters, 3-lobed, somewhat pear-shaped, with ridge-like wings, bright pink to red, splitting with the valves curling backwards.
Notes: Threatened by habitat degradation; listed at Lower Risk-near threatened.
Derivation of specific name: unijugata: "coupled once", usually referring to pairs of leaflets on a pinnate leaf. Note that the name is rather inappropriate in this case as this species very rarely only has one pair of leaflets but normally 2 or 3.
Habitat: In riverine thickets, open woodland and evergreen forest, often associated with termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa southwards to Zimbabwe, Mozambique, just entering coastal KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species: Euphaedra neophron neophron (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 February 2009
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 256.


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Other sources of information about Blighia unijugata:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Blighia unijugata
Flora of Zambia: Blighia unijugata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Blighia unijugata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Blighia unijugata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Blighia unijugata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Blighia unijugata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Blighia unijugata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Blighia unijugata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Blighia unijugata
Ispot Southern Africa : Blighia unijugata
JSTOR Plant Science: Blighia unijugata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Blighia unijugata
Tropicos: Blighia unijugata
West African Plants database: Blighia unijugata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Blighia unijugata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137480, retrieved 26 June 2016

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