Impatiens salpinx Schulze & Launert

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Impatiens salpinx

Photo: Neil Crouch
Red Wall Cave area, Chimanimani

Impatiens salpinx

Photo: Neil Crouch
Red Wall Cave area, Chimanimani

Impatiens salpinx

Photo: Neil Crouch
Red Wall Cave area, Chimanimani

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common in suitable habitats in the Chimanimani Mts
Status: Native
Description:
Somewhat shrubby perennial herb, up to 70 cm high. Stems erect or decumbent, hairless. Leaves spirally arranged, ovate-lanceolate or more or less elliptic, 2.5-5.5 cm long, base running into the short petiole; margin finely toothed. Flowers solitary, deep red. Dorsal petal forming a hood; upper lateral petals c. 8 × 4 mm, broadly ovate-elliptic; lower lateral petals c. 5 × 4 mm, broadly ovate; spur on the lower sepal, very broadly trumpet-shaped, gradually tapering, 20-32 mm long, sharply incurved, sometimes slightly bifid at the apex.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Along water courses and in shady places, growing in wet grass among ferns.
Altitude range: (metres) 1450 - 2300 m
Flowering time:(Jun) Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Confined to the Chimanimani Mountains of Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 17 June 2009
Literature:

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 36.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 14. SABONET. Pretoria. Page 172.

Grey-Wilson, C. (1980). Impatiens of Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 195 - 196. (Includes a picture).

Launert, E. (1963). Balsaminaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 168 - 169. (Includes a picture).

Launert, E. & Gonçalves, M.L. (1969). 36. Balsaminaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 6 - 7.

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 135.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 29.

Wild, H. (1964). The endemic species of the Chimanimani Mountains and their significance Kirkia 4 Page 144.


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Other sources of information about Impatiens salpinx:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Impatiens salpinx

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Impatiens salpinx
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Impatiens salpinx
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Impatiens salpinx
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Impatiens salpinx
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Impatiens salpinx
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Impatiens salpinx
Ispot Southern Africa : Impatiens salpinx
JSTOR Plant Science: Impatiens salpinx
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Impatiens salpinx
Tropicos: Impatiens salpinx
West African Plants database: Impatiens salpinx


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Impatiens salpinx.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137610, retrieved 26 May 2016

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