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Large jujube (English)
Description: Shrub or small tree, armed with distinct opposite pairs of hooked and near-straight spines. Leaves ovate,
tomentose beneath, markedly asymmetric at the base, 3-5-veined from the base, the veins impressed above; margin finely toothed. Flowers in dense axillary clusters, small, yellowish. Fruit a spherical drupe c. 3 cm, shiny red or reddish-brown when ripe, edible.
Notes: Note: this species is very similar to the common
Ziziphus mucronata. It can be distinguished by the Clearly impressed veins, above; the consistently tomentose leaves below; and the larger fruits. See also the introduced Z. mauritiana for comparison.
Derivation of specific name:
abyssinica: of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Habitat: In open woodland and along riverbanks.
Altitude range: (metres)
Up to 1000 m
Flowering time: Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal to Ethiopia, southwards to Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Growth form(s): Tree.
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: (Food plant) Tarucus sybaris sybaris
Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 6 February 2007
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Other sources of information about Ziziphus abyssinica: Our websites: Flora of Mozambique
Ziziphus abyssinica Flora of Zambia
Ziziphus abyssinica External websites: African Plant Database
Ziziphus abyssinica Biodiversity Explorer
(Biodiversity of southern Africa):
Ziziphus abyssinica EOL
(Encyclopedia of Life):
Ziziphus abyssinica ePIC
(electronic Plant Information Center):
Ziziphus abyssinica Flora Zambesiaca
Ziziphus abyssinica Google
(Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for
Ziziphus abyssinica IPNI
(International Plant Names Index):
Ziziphus abyssinica Ispot Southern Africa
Ziziphus abyssinica JSTOR Plant Science
Ziziphus abyssinica Kew Herbarium catalogue
Ziziphus abyssinica Tropicos
Ziziphus abyssinica West African Plants database
Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-15
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M.
Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ziziphus abyssinica.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137640, retrieved 28 April 2015
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