Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.

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Ziziphus mauritiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
College Rd, Alexandra Park, Harare

Ziziphus mauritiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
College Rd, Alexandra Park, Harare

Ziziphus mauritiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
College Rd, Alexandra Park, Harare

Ziziphus mauritiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
College Rd, Alexandra Park, Harare

Ziziphus mauritiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near entrance to Chinhoyi Caves

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Lam.
Common names: Jujube (English) Musawu (Shona)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Introduced and found as an occasional, naturalised escape.
Description:
Shrub or small to medium-sized tree, armed with distinct opposite pairs of hooked and near-straight spines. Leaves elliptic to broadly elliptic, hairless above, densely whitish tomentose below; base symmetrical or nearly so; 3-veined from the base; margin crenate-serrate. Flowers in axillary clusters, small, yellowish. Fruit a spherical drupe c. 2 cm.
Notes: The fruits are edible and used to make a potent distilled spirit.
The (near) symmetrical leaves and the dense greyish-white hairs on the undersides of the leaves, distinguish this species from the indigenous Z. mucronata and Z. abyssinica.
Around Harare, it is often found growing as a very low shrubby plant on roadside verges (see photo left). It is said never to bear fruit at these higher altitudes.
Derivation of specific name: mauritiana: from Mauritius
Habitat: Widely cultivated for its edible fruits, it occurs as a naturalized species in open woodland, particularly in the Zambezi Valley but also along roadsides in and around Harare.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1540 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to India, Mauritius and northern tropical Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Tarucus sybaris sybaris (Food plant)
Epiphora mythimnia (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 6 February 2007
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1966). Rhamnaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 420 - 421. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 257.


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Other sources of information about Ziziphus mauritiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ziziphus mauritiana
Flora of Mozambique: Ziziphus mauritiana
Flora of Zambia: Ziziphus mauritiana
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Ziziphus mauritiana

External websites:

African Plant Database: Ziziphus mauritiana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ziziphus mauritiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ziziphus mauritiana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ziziphus mauritiana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ziziphus mauritiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ziziphus mauritiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ziziphus mauritiana
Ispot Southern Africa : Ziziphus mauritiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Ziziphus mauritiana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ziziphus mauritiana
Tropicos: Ziziphus mauritiana
West African Plants database: Ziziphus mauritiana


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ziziphus mauritiana.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137650, retrieved 27 September 2016

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