Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.

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Ziziphus mauritiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
College Rd, Alexandra Park, Harare

Ziziphus mauritiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
College Rd, Alexandra Park, Harare

Ziziphus mauritiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
College Rd, Alexandra Park, Harare

Ziziphus mauritiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
College Rd, Alexandra Park, Harare

Ziziphus mauritiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near entrance to Chinhoyi Caves

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Lam.
Common names: Jujube (English) Musawu (Shona)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Introduced and found as an occasional, naturalised escape.
Description:
Shrub or small to medium-sized tree, armed with distinct opposite pairs of hooked and near-straight spines. Leaves elliptic to broadly elliptic, hairless above, densely whitish tomentose below; base symmetrical or nearly so; 3-veined from the base; margin crenate-serrate. Flowers in axillary clusters, small, yellowish. Fruit a spherical drupe c. 2 cm.
Notes: The fruits are edible and used to make a potent distilled spirit.
The (near) symmetrical leaves and the dense greyish-white hairs on the undersides of the leaves, distinguish this species from the indigenous Z. mucronata and Z. abyssinica.
Around Harare, it is often found growing as a very low shrubby plant on roadside verges (see photo left). It is said never to bear fruit at these higher altitudes.
Derivation of specific name: mauritiana: from Mauritius
Habitat: Widely cultivated for its edible fruits, it occurs as a naturalized species in open woodland, particularly in the Zambezi Valley but also along roadsides in and around Harare.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1540 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to India, Mauritius and northern tropical Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Tarucus sybaris sybaris (Food plant)
Epiphora mythimnia (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 6 February 2007
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1966). Rhamnaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 420 - 421. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 257.

Maroyi, A. (2006). Preliminary checklist of introduced and naturalized plants in Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(2) Page 237.


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Other sources of information about Ziziphus mauritiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ziziphus mauritiana
Flora of Mozambique: Ziziphus mauritiana
Flora of Zambia: Ziziphus mauritiana
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Ziziphus mauritiana

External websites:

African Plant Database: Ziziphus mauritiana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ziziphus mauritiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ziziphus mauritiana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ziziphus mauritiana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ziziphus mauritiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ziziphus mauritiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ziziphus mauritiana
Ispot Southern Africa : Ziziphus mauritiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Ziziphus mauritiana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ziziphus mauritiana
Tropicos: Ziziphus mauritiana
West African Plants database: Ziziphus mauritiana


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ziziphus mauritiana.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137650, retrieved 8 December 2016

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