Ziziphus mucronata Willd.
subsp. mucronata

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Ziziphus mucronata subsp. mucronata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Ziziphus mucronata subsp. mucronata

Photo: Bart Wursten
At foot of hills just outside of Zvishavane on road to Mbalabala

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Buffalo-thorn (English) Chinanga (Shona) Muchecheni (Shona) Umpasamala (Ndebele) Umphafa (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Small to medium-sized tree, armed with distinct pairs of hooked and straight spines. Leaves broadly ovate, markedly asymmetric, 3-veined from the base; margins finely toothed. Flowers in axillary clusters, small, yellowish. Fruit a spherical drupe, reddish-brown when ripe.
Notes: This subspecies is mostly hairless except for short pubescence on the veins beneath. See subsp. rhodesiaca R.B. Drumm. for more photos and comparison.
Derivation of specific name: mucronata: mucronate; with a short narrow point, projecting from the apex of the leaves.
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: On the Arabian Peninsula, throughout Subsaharan Africa, except for the Western Cape, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Tarucus sybaris sybaris (Food plant)
Epiphora mythimnia (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 16 April 2015
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 666 - 667. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 412 - 413. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 98.

Drummond, R.B. (1966). Rhamnaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 421 - 423. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 257.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 132 - 133. (Includes a picture).

Ellery, K. & W. (1997). Plants of the Okavango Delta, a Field Guide Tsaro Publishers, Durban, South Africa Page 138. (Includes a picture).

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 240 - 241. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 108. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 70.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 86.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 90 - 92. (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 382 - 383. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 96.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 17.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 158.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 222.

Van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. (1988). Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria Region Struik, Cape Town Pages 304 - 305. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 232 - 233. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 282 - 283. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Ziziphus mucronata subsp. mucronata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ziziphus mucronata subsp. mucronata
Flora of Caprivi: Ziziphus mucronata subsp. mucronata
Flora of Malawi: Ziziphus mucronata subsp. mucronata
Flora of Mozambique: Ziziphus mucronata subsp. mucronata
Flora of Zambia: Ziziphus mucronata subsp. mucronata

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ziziphus mucronata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ziziphus mucronata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ziziphus mucronata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ziziphus mucronata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ziziphus mucronata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ziziphus mucronata
Ispot Southern Africa : Ziziphus mucronata
JSTOR Plant Science: Ziziphus mucronata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ziziphus mucronata
Tropicos: Ziziphus mucronata
West African Plants database: Ziziphus mucronata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ziziphus mucronata subsp. mucronata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137660, retrieved 26 May 2016

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