Berchemia discolor (Klotzsch) Hemsl.

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Berchemia discolor

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Berchemia discolor

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Berchemia discolor

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Berchemia discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road from Gokwe to Svisvi River Bridge.

Berchemia discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Svisvi River Bridge, Gokwe District.

Berchemia discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Svisvi River Bridge, Gokwe District.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Phyllogeiton discolor (Klotzsch) Herzog
Common names: Bird-plum (English) Brown ivory (English) Mugaramhanga (Shona) Munhacha (Shona) Munyii (Shona) Mutatya (Shona) Umncaga (Ndebele) Umnyi (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Medium to large tree. Bark dark grey and fissured. Leaves opposite, elliptic to slightly (ob)ovate, glossy dark green above, distinctly paler below; midrib and lateral veins prominent; margin entire. Flowers in small axillary clusters, yellowish-green. Fruit fleshy, slightly ovoid c. 15 × 7 mm, yellow when ripe, edible.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: discolor: not of the same colour; the leaves however are only slightly discolorous
Habitat: In riverine forest and dry woodland, often on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1080 m
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Sudan, Ethiopia to KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Also on the Arabian Peninsula.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 20 February 2016
Literature:

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 267 - 370. Phyllogeiton discolor (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 414 - 415. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 257.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 107. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 110 - 111. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 95.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 222.


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Other sources of information about Berchemia discolor:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Berchemia discolor
Flora of Caprivi: Berchemia discolor
Flora of Malawi: Berchemia discolor
Flora of Mozambique: Berchemia discolor
Flora of Zambia: Berchemia discolor

External websites:

African Plant Database: Berchemia discolor
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Berchemia discolor
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Berchemia discolor
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Berchemia discolor
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Berchemia discolor
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Berchemia discolor
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Berchemia discolor
Ispot Southern Africa : Berchemia discolor
JSTOR Plant Science: Berchemia discolor
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Berchemia discolor
Tropicos: Berchemia discolor
West African Plants database: Berchemia discolor


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Berchemia discolor.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137700, retrieved 27 August 2016

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