Rhamnus prinoides L'Hér.

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Rhamnus prinoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Bunga Views, Vumba

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Synonyms:
Common names: Dogwood (English) Musvosvadziva (Shona) Shiny leaf (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree, sometimes scrambling. Bark dark, smooth with conspicuous lenticels. Leaves spirally arranged, oblong-elliptic, up to 10 × 4 cm, very glossy dark green above, dull and paler below, veining indented above, domatia present; margin finely toothed or scalloped. Flowers in small stalked axillary clusters, greenish and inconspicuous. Fruit stalked, ovoid to subspherical, c. 5 mm in diameter, shiny red to almost black when ripe, edible.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: prinoides: from prinos, the Greek name for Holly (Ilex sp.) which also has glossy leaves.
Habitat: Most often in riverine fringes and evergreen forest margins; also in rocky places and less often in woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 1340 - 2270 m
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 19 October 2005
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 234. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 257.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 96.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 158.


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Other sources of information about Rhamnus prinoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Rhamnus prinoides
Flora of Malawi: Rhamnus prinoides
Flora of Mozambique: Rhamnus prinoides
Flora of Zambia: Rhamnus prinoides

External websites:

African Plant Database: Rhamnus prinoides
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Rhamnus prinoides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rhamnus prinoides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rhamnus prinoides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rhamnus prinoides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Rhamnus prinoides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rhamnus prinoides
Ispot Southern Africa : Rhamnus prinoides
JSTOR Plant Science: Rhamnus prinoides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rhamnus prinoides
Tropicos: Rhamnus prinoides
West African Plants database: Rhamnus prinoides


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rhamnus prinoides.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137730, retrieved 30 June 2016

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