Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f.) Wild & R.B. Drumm.

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Rhoicissus tridentata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haslemere Lane, Umwinsidale

Rhoicissus tridentata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Rhoicissus tridentata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Fort Usher road, Matobo

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Synonyms: Rhoicissus cuneifolia (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Planch.
Rhoicissus erythrodes (Fresen.) Planch.
Rhus tridentata L. f.
Common names: Bitter grape (English) Bushman's grape (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Normally a climber with tendrils but occasionally a shrub or very small tree. Young branches may be covered in rusty hairs. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets obovate with margins dentate. Flowers in small elongate heads, greenish-yellow. Fruits near spherical, 1.5-2 cm in diameter, red to black when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: tridentata: with three teeth. This name was derived from the type specimen which had very few teeth on the leaf margin. This form is fairly common in parts of South Africa but elsewhere the leaf margins show many more teeth.
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats, often associated with rocky places.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2000 m
Flowering time:Nov - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Swaziland and South Africa. Also in Yemen.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Euchloron megaera (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 11 April 2015
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 285. as Rhoicissus tridentata cuneifolia (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 679 - 680.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 258.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 121. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 83.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 103.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 390 - 393. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 111. As: Rhoicissus tridentata

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 39 - 40. as Rhus tridentata (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 186.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 392 - 393. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 454 - 455. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 600 - 601. (Includes a picture).

Wild, H, Drummond, R.B. & Gonçalves, M.L. (1969). 50. Vitaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 10 - 11.

Wild, H. & Drummond, R.B. (1963). Vitaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area: 3 Kirkia 3 Page 19.

Wild, H. & Drummond, R.B. (1966). Vitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 444 - 446. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Rhoicissus tridentata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Rhoicissus tridentata
Flora of Malawi: Rhoicissus tridentata
Flora of Mozambique: Rhoicissus tridentata
Flora of Zambia: Rhoicissus tridentata

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Rhoicissus tridentata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rhoicissus tridentata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rhoicissus tridentata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rhoicissus tridentata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Rhoicissus tridentata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rhoicissus tridentata
Ispot Southern Africa : Rhoicissus tridentata
JSTOR Plant Science: Rhoicissus tridentata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rhoicissus tridentata
Tropicos: Rhoicissus tridentata
West African Plants database: Rhoicissus tridentata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rhoicissus tridentata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137860, retrieved 30 September 2016

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