Cissus quadrangularis L.

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Cissus quadrangularis

Photo: Lene Lauritsen
Claremont, SW of Bulawayo

Cissus quadrangularis

Photo: Lene Lauritsen
Claremont, SW of Bulawayo

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Synonyms: Cissus cactiformis Gilg
Cissus succulenta (Galpin) Burtt Davy
Cissus tetragona Harv.
Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
Vitis succulenta Galpin
Common names: Murunjurunju (Shona) Muvengahonye (Shona) Renja (Shona)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Succulent climbing herb with tendrils. Stems 4-angled with wings at the angles. Leaves fleshy, very broadly ovate, variously 3-lobed; margin dentate. Inflorescences axillary, few-flowered. Fruit red when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: quadrangularis: 4-angled
Habitat: In a variety of low rainfall habitats.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in drier parts of tropical Africa and Madagascar, Arabia, India, Sri Lanka, Malesia and the Philippenes.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Climber.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Hippotion celerio (Food plant)
Hippotion osiris (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 367. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 111.

Wild, H, Drummond, R.B. & Gonçalves, M.L. (1969). 50. Vitaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 25 - 26.

Wild, H. & Drummond, R.B. (1966). Vitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 456 - 457.


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Other sources of information about Cissus quadrangularis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cissus quadrangularis
Flora of Malawi: Cissus quadrangularis
Flora of Mozambique: Cissus quadrangularis
Flora of Zambia: Cissus quadrangularis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Cissus quadrangularis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cissus quadrangularis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cissus quadrangularis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cissus quadrangularis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cissus quadrangularis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cissus quadrangularis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cissus quadrangularis
Ispot Southern Africa : Cissus quadrangularis
JSTOR Plant Science: Cissus quadrangularis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cissus quadrangularis
Tropicos: Cissus quadrangularis
West African Plants database: Cissus quadrangularis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cissus quadrangularis., retrieved 12 February 2016

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