Cissus quadrangularis L.

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Cissus quadrangularis

Photo: Lene Lauritsen
Claremont, SW of Bulawayo

Cissus quadrangularis

Photo: Lene Lauritsen
Claremont, SW of Bulawayo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cissus cactiformis Gilg
Cissus succulenta (Galpin) Burtt Davy
Cissus tetragona Harv.
Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
Vitis succulenta Galpin
Common names: Murunjurunju (Shona) Muvengahonye (Shona) Renja (Shona)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Description:
Succulent climbing herb with tendrils. Stems 4-angled with wings at the angles. Leaves fleshy, very broadly ovate, variously 3-lobed; margin dentate. Inflorescences axillary, few-flowered. Fruit red when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: quadrangularis: 4-angled
Habitat: In a variety of low rainfall habitats.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in drier parts of tropical Africa and Madagascar, Arabia, India, Sri Lanka, Malesia and the Philippenes.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Climber.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Hippotion celerio (Food plant)
Hippotion osiris (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 102. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 258.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 367. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 111.

Wild, H, Drummond, R.B. & Gonçalves, M.L. (1969). 50. Vitaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 25 - 26.

Wild, H. & Drummond, R.B. (1966). Vitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 456 - 457.


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Other sources of information about Cissus quadrangularis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cissus quadrangularis
Flora of Malawi: Cissus quadrangularis
Flora of Mozambique: Cissus quadrangularis
Flora of Zambia: Cissus quadrangularis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Cissus quadrangularis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cissus quadrangularis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cissus quadrangularis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cissus quadrangularis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cissus quadrangularis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cissus quadrangularis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cissus quadrangularis
Ispot Southern Africa : Cissus quadrangularis
JSTOR Plant Science: Cissus quadrangularis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cissus quadrangularis
Tropicos: Cissus quadrangularis
West African Plants database: Cissus quadrangularis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cissus quadrangularis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137920, retrieved 26 June 2016

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