Sparrmannia ricinocarpa (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Kuntze

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Sparrmannia ricinocarpa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along trail no2, Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Sparrmannia ricinocarpa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lion Rock, Vumba

Sparrmannia ricinocarpa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Sparrmannia ricinocarpa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near World's View, Nyanga

Sparrmannia ricinocarpa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near World's View, Nyanga

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Sparrmannia abyssinica Hochst. ex A. Rich. var. micrantha Burret
Sparrmannia palmata E. Mey. ex Harv.
Sparrmannia ricinocarpa (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Kuntze subsp. micrantha (Burret) Weim.
Urena ricinocarpa Eckl. & Zeyh.
Common names: Mountain stock-rose (English)
Frequency: Frequent in E Highlands, rare elsewhere
Status: Native
Description:
Slender bush, occasionally scrambling, up to 3 m. Leaves 3-13 cm long, 3-7-lobed wth a cordate base and 5-7-veined from the base, lobed half to three quarters, middle lobe longest, with both simple and stellate hairs on both surfaces; margin irregularly crenate-dentate; petiole up to 8 cm long, pubescent; stipules up to 8 mm long, setaceous. Inflorescences in extra-axillary and leaf-opposed, 6-20-flowered umbels; peduncles up to 8 cm long, pubescent. Flowers white, sometimes tinged purplish with petals about as long as sepals; stamens numerous (c. 50), yellow. Capsule ellipsoid, 2-2.5 cm long including bristles, 4-5-valved, covered in bristles that stick to clothing and animal fur.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: ricinocarpa: with fruits resembling Ricinus communis
Habitat: Along stream banks, forest margins and in clearings
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Angola Cameroon, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 22 February 2014
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 90 - 91. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 279. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 117.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 258.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 81.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 75.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 180.

Wild, H. (1963). Tiliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 78 - 80. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Sparrmannia ricinocarpa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Flora of Mozambique: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Flora of Zambia: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Ispot Southern Africa : Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
JSTOR Plant Science: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Tropicos: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
West African Plants database: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=138370, retrieved 3 December 2016

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