Grewia bicolor Juss.

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Grewia bicolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Grewia bicolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Grewia bicolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Grewia bicolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Grewia kwebensis N.E. Br.
Grewia madandensis J.R. Drumm. ex Baker f.
Common names: Mutongoro (Shona) Mwingili (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Ndeywa (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Ngiri (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Sihane (Hlengwe) Umhlampunzi (Ndebele) Umpumpulwane (Ndebele) White-leaved raisin (English)
Status: Native
Mostly a multi-stemmed shrub, occasionally a small tree. Bark dark grey and deeply fissured, peeling away in strips; young branches velvety. Leaves elliptic-oblong to lanceolate, up to 7 × 2 cm, 3-veined from the base, dull green above, silvery-white hairy below; margin finely toothed. Flowers yellow, 1.5 cm in diameter, in axillary heads, often in profusion. Fruit spherical or 2-lobed, each lobe c. 6 mm in diameter, reddish-brown, edible.
Derivation of specific name: bicolor: 2-coloured
Habitat: Occurring most frequently in dry deciduous woodland, occasionally found in areas of higher rainfall at medium altitudes in riverine fringes and on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa, Arabia and India.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Rufoclanis numosae (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 5 April 2008

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 428 - 429. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 258.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 315. (Includes a picture).

Kamumvuri, G. (ed.) (2004). Plants of Zimbabwe Report No. 1 National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 33.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 72 - 73. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 108.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 227.

Wild, H. (1963). Tiliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 49 - 50.


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Flora of Botswana: Grewia bicolor
Flora of Caprivi: Grewia bicolor
Flora of Malawi: Grewia bicolor
Flora of Mozambique: Grewia bicolor
Flora of Zambia: Grewia bicolor

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Grewia bicolor
African Plant Database: Grewia bicolor
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Grewia bicolor
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Grewia bicolor
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Grewia bicolor
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Grewia bicolor
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Grewia bicolor
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Grewia bicolor
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Grewia bicolor
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Grewia bicolor
Ispot Southern Africa: Grewia bicolor
JSTOR Plant Science: Grewia bicolor
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Grewia bicolor
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Grewia bicolor
The Plant List (version 1.1): Grewia bicolor
Tropicos: Grewia bicolor

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Grewia bicolor., retrieved 27 June 2017

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