Grewia bicolor Juss.

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Grewia bicolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Grewia bicolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Grewia bicolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Grewia bicolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Grewia kwebensis N.E. Br.
Grewia madandensis J.R. Drumm. ex Baker f.
Common names: Mutongoro (Shona) Mwingili (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Ndeywa (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Ngiri (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Sihane (Hlengwe) Umhlampunzi (Ndebele) Umpumpulwane (Ndebele) White-leaved raisin (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Mostly a multi-stemmed shrub, occasionally a small tree. Bark dark grey and deeply fissured, peeling away in strips; young branches velvety. Leaves elliptic-oblong to lanceolate, up to 7 × 2 cm, 3-veined from the base, dull green above, silvery-white hairy below; margin finely toothed. Flowers yellow, 1.5 cm in diameter, in axillary heads, often in profusion. Fruit spherical or 2-lobed, each lobe c. 6 mm in diameter, reddish-brown, edible.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: bicolor: 2-coloured
Habitat: Occurring most frequently in dry deciduous woodland, occasionally found in areas of higher rainfall at medium altitudes in riverine fringes and on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa, Arabia and India.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Rufoclanis numosae (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 5 April 2008
Literature:

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 428 - 429. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 258.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 315. (Includes a picture).

Kamumvuri, G. (ed.) (2004). Plants of Zimbabwe Report No. 1 National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 33.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 81.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 72 - 73. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 108.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 227.

Wild, H. (1963). Tiliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 49 - 50.


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Other sources of information about Grewia bicolor:

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Flora of Botswana: Grewia bicolor
Flora of Caprivi: Grewia bicolor
Flora of Malawi: Grewia bicolor
Flora of Mozambique: Grewia bicolor
Flora of Zambia: Grewia bicolor

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Grewia bicolor
African Plant Database: Grewia bicolor
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Grewia bicolor
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Grewia bicolor
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Grewia bicolor
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Grewia bicolor
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Grewia bicolor
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Grewia bicolor
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Grewia bicolor
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Grewia bicolor
Ispot Southern Africa: Grewia bicolor
JSTOR Plant Science: Grewia bicolor
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Grewia bicolor
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Grewia bicolor
The Plant List (version 1.1): Grewia bicolor
Tropicos: Grewia bicolor


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Grewia bicolor.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=138390, retrieved 16 December 2017

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