Grewia flavescens Juss.
var. flavescens

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Grewia flavescens var. flavescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls

Grewia flavescens var. flavescens

Photo: Bart Wursten

Grewia flavescens var. flavescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Marydale Point Lake Chivero Recreational Park

Grewia flavescens var. flavescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the lodges, Lake Kyle Recreational Park

Grewia flavescens var. flavescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the lodges, Lake Kyle Recreational Park

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Donkey-berry (English) Mubhununu (Shona) Mujonjoma (Shona) Mumhudzungwa (Shona) Sandpaper raisin (English) Ubhunzu (Ndebele) Umklampunzi (Ndebele) Umnaba (Ndebele) Umtewa (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Scrambling shrub. Older branches distinctly square-angled. Leaves oblanceolate to obovate, light green with stellate hairs on both surfaces; margins irregularly toothed. Flowers yellow, axillary in groups of 2 or 3.
Notes: This species is similar to Grewia olukondae, which was formerly considered a variety of G. flavescens. They can be distinguished as follows:
G. flavescens has narrower leaves with a rounded or square base and flower stalks less than 10 mm;
G. olukondae has broader, almost circular leaves with a rounded, often lobed base and flower stalks longer than 10 mm.
Derivation of specific name: flavescens: yellowish
Habitat: In open woodland, on rocky hillsides and along the margins of riverine and evergreen forest, often associated with termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa, Namibia, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Also in the Arabian Peninsula and India.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Rufoclanis numosae (Larval foodplant)
Anaphe reticulata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 11 March 2007

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 434 - 435. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 258.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 316. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 80 - 81. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 109.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 180.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 227.

Wild, H. (1963). Tiliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Page 46.


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Other sources of information about Grewia flavescens var. flavescens:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Grewia flavescens var. flavescens
Flora of Caprivi: Grewia flavescens var. flavescens
Flora of Malawi: Grewia flavescens var. flavescens
Flora of Mozambique: Grewia flavescens var. flavescens
Flora of Zambia: Grewia flavescens var. flavescens

External websites:

African Plant Database: Grewia flavescens
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Grewia flavescens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Grewia flavescens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Grewia flavescens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Grewia flavescens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Grewia flavescens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Grewia flavescens
Ispot Southern Africa : Grewia flavescens
JSTOR Plant Science: Grewia flavescens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Grewia flavescens
Tropicos: Grewia flavescens
West African Plants database: Grewia flavescens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Grewia flavescens var. flavescens., retrieved 25 October 2016

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