Triumfetta pentandra A. Rich.

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Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lion House, Gorongosa National Park

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lion House, Gorongosa National Park

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lion House, Gorongosa National Park

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lion House, Gorongosa National Park

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Triumfetta trichocarpa sensu Eyles
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Branched annual herb, usually not more than a meter high. Leaves more or less broadly ovate in outline, more or less deeply 3-lobed, 3-7-veined from the base, mostly hairless to stellately pubescent; petiole up to 5 cm long; margin irregularly serrate. Flowers in clusters, yellow with purple-brown-tipped sepals slightly longer than petals; stamens usually 5. Fruit ovoid, c. 5 mm in diameter, covered in spiny bristles, mostly hairless except for a line of ciliate hairs on the bristles below the curved apical tip.
Notes: This species is generally similar to Triumfetta rhomboidea but can be distinguished by being less densely hairy; having thinner, often more deeply 3-lobed leaves; bearing flowers with usually only 5 stamens and having ovoid iso round fruit, which are mostly hairless except for ciliate hairs on one side of the spiny bristles below the apical point.
Derivation of specific name: pentandra: with 5 stamens
Habitat: A plant of disturbed ground and waste places.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, South Africa, India and Taiwan.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 17 June 2015
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 279.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 317. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 81.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 109.

Wild, H. (1963). Tiliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 74 - 75.


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Other sources of information about Triumfetta pentandra:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Triumfetta pentandra
Flora of Malawi: Triumfetta pentandra
Flora of Mozambique: Triumfetta pentandra
Flora of Zambia: Triumfetta pentandra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Triumfetta pentandra
African Plant Database: Triumfetta pentandra
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Triumfetta pentandra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Triumfetta pentandra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Triumfetta pentandra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Triumfetta pentandra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Triumfetta pentandra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Triumfetta pentandra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Triumfetta pentandra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Triumfetta pentandra
Ispot Southern Africa: Triumfetta pentandra
JSTOR Plant Science: Triumfetta pentandra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Triumfetta pentandra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Triumfetta pentandra
The Plant List (version 1.1): Triumfetta pentandra
Tropicos: Triumfetta pentandra


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Triumfetta pentandra.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=138700, retrieved 24 November 2017

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