Triumfetta pentandra A. Rich.

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Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lion House, Gorongosa National Park

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lion House, Gorongosa National Park

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lion House, Gorongosa National Park

Triumfetta pentandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lion House, Gorongosa National Park

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Triumfetta trichocarpa sensu Eyles
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Branched annual herb, usually not more than a meter high. Leaves more or less broadly ovate in outline, more or less deeply 3-lobed, 3-7-veined from the base, mostly hairless to stellately pubescent; petiole up to 5 cm long; margin irregularly serrate. Flowers in clusters, yellow with purple-brown-tipped sepals slightly longer than petals; stamens usually 5. Fruit ovoid, c. 5 mm in diameter, covered in spiny bristles, mostly hairless except for a line of ciliate hairs on the bristles below the curved apical tip.
Notes: This species is generally similar to Triumfetta rhomboidea but can be distinguished by being less densely hairy; having thinner, often more deeply 3-lobed leaves; bearing flowers with usually only 5 stamens and having ovoid iso round fruit, which are mostly hairless except for ciliate hairs on one side of the spiny bristles below the apical point.
Derivation of specific name: pentandra: with 5 stamens
Habitat: A plant of disturbed ground and waste places.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, South Africa, India and Taiwan.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 17 June 2015
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 279.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 317. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 109.

Wild, H. (1963). Tiliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 74 - 75.


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Other sources of information about Triumfetta pentandra:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Triumfetta pentandra
Flora of Malawi: Triumfetta pentandra
Flora of Mozambique: Triumfetta pentandra
Flora of Zambia: Triumfetta pentandra

External websites:

African Plant Database: Triumfetta pentandra
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Triumfetta pentandra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Triumfetta pentandra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Triumfetta pentandra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Triumfetta pentandra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Triumfetta pentandra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Triumfetta pentandra
Ispot Southern Africa : Triumfetta pentandra
JSTOR Plant Science: Triumfetta pentandra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Triumfetta pentandra
Tropicos: Triumfetta pentandra
West African Plants database: Triumfetta pentandra


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Triumfetta pentandra.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=138700, retrieved 4 December 2016

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