Abutilon angulatum (Guill. & Perr.) Mast.
var. angulatum

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Abutilon angulatum var. angulatum

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Nyanyadzi, Save Valley

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Synonyms: Abutilon intermedium Hochst. ex Garcke
Common names: Elephant's ear (English) Fluted abutilon (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Robust, erect perennial, 1-3 m. Stems glaucous, velvety, distinctly angled. Leaves alternate, broadly ovate, dark grey-green above, much paler greyish, below, finely velvety, 7-9-veined from the base; margins serrate. Lower leaves much larger than upper leaves. Flowers in apparent fascicles on short lateral and subterminal shoots, yellow to apricot-orange, opening in the afternoon. Calyx lobes short, less than 6 mm.
Notes: This is the most common and widespread variety in Zimbabwe. Var. macrocarpum (Baker f.) Hochr. is restricted to more moist areas in the Eastern Highlands. It has a more yellow-brownish indumentum, distinctly angled flower buds and longer calyx lobes, more than 7 mm long. The large, softly velvety leaves form an excellent emergency supply of toilet paper, when you're stuck in the bush.
Derivation of specific name: angulatum: angular, referring to the angled or fluted stems.
Habitat: In dry areas of scrub, along river banks, pans and roadsides, often on alkaline or brackish soils.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1370 m
Flowering time:Dec - May
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 14 May 2006
Literature:

Exell, A.W. (1961). Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 488 - 489. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 277. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 196. (Includes a picture).

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 79. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 83.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 47 - 48.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 218.


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Other sources of information about Abutilon angulatum var. angulatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Abutilon angulatum var. angulatum
Flora of Caprivi: Abutilon angulatum var. angulatum
Flora of Mozambique: Abutilon angulatum var. angulatum
Flora of Zambia: Abutilon angulatum var. angulatum

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Abutilon angulatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Abutilon angulatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Abutilon angulatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Abutilon angulatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Abutilon angulatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Abutilon angulatum
Ispot Southern Africa : Abutilon angulatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Abutilon angulatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Abutilon angulatum
Tropicos: Abutilon angulatum
West African Plants database: Abutilon angulatum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Abutilon angulatum var. angulatum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=138810, retrieved 27 August 2016

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