Hibiscus diversifolius Jacq.
subsp. rivularis (Bremek. & Oberm.) Exell

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Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Hibiscus rivularis Bremek. & Oberm.
Common names:
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree, occasionally a large scrambling perennial herb, up to 10 m tall. Stems more or less densely stellate-hairy and armed with thick short spines. Leaves almost round in outline, up to 16 × 16 cm, more or less distinctly 3-7-lobed, stellate-hairy on both surfaces; base truncate to cordate, usually with fissured gland near the base of the midrib below; margin irregularly toothed. Flowers solitary, axillary or sometimes forming apparent terminal racemes, due to the absence of leaves, reddish-purple with a darker centre, 7-8 cm in diameter. Epicalyx bracts 7-8, 8-12 mm long densely stellate hairy, free. Calyx 2.5-3 cm long; lobes lanceolate, joined for c. 5 mm at the base and an elliptic gland on the midrib. Fruit a pointed ovate capsule, 20 × 15 mm, densely bristly.
Derivation of specific name: diversifolius: with diverse, variable leaves; rivularis: occurring near rivers.
Habitat: In damp places along the margins of rivers and lakes
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Caprivi-Namibia, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E
Growth form(s): Tree, perennial, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 25 May 2009

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 702 - 703.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 259.

Exell, A.W. (1961). Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 443 - 444.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 84.


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Other sources of information about Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis
Flora of Mozambique: Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis
Flora of Zambia: Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hibiscus diversifolius
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Hibiscus diversifolius
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hibiscus diversifolius
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hibiscus diversifolius
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hibiscus diversifolius
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hibiscus diversifolius
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hibiscus diversifolius
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hibiscus diversifolius
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hibiscus diversifolius
Ispot Southern Africa: Hibiscus diversifolius
JSTOR Plant Science: Hibiscus diversifolius
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hibiscus diversifolius
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hibiscus diversifolius
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hibiscus diversifolius
Tropicos: Hibiscus diversifolius

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=139340, retrieved 17 August 2017

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