Hibiscus vitifolius L.
subsp. vitifolius

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (15)

Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Hippo House, Gorongosa National Park

Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Hippo House, Gorongosa National Park

Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Hippo House, Gorongosa National Park

Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Hippo House, Gorongosa National Park

Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Hippo House, Gorongosa National Park

Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
In between new cabanas, Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park

Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
In between new cabanas, Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park

Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
In between new cabanas, Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park

Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
In between new cabanas, Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park

Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Bunga Camp, Gorongosa National Park and EN1

Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Bunga Camp, Gorongosa National Park and EN1

Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Bunga Camp, Gorongosa National Park and EN1

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: subsp. vulgaris Brenan & Exell
Common names:
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Shrubby, sometimes scrambling perennial herb, up to 1.5 m high. Stems usually hairy and glandular, occasionally nearly hairless. Leaves unlobed or shallowly 3-7-lobed, more or less densely stellate hairy to almost hairless, more or less broadly ovate; 5-9-veined from the truncate or cordate base; margin serrate. Flowers 5-9 cm in diameter, yellow with a dark purple-red centre, solitary, axillary or apparently forming terminal racemes due to reduction of the upper leaves. Epicalyx of c. 10 bracts, filiform, 8-10 mm long. Calyx with broadly elliptic lobes up to 15 mm long, hairy, joined to about half-way. Capsule, up to 12 × 15 mm, winged, bristly.
Notes: Note-1: the form found in forest is nearly hairless and has more deeply lobed leaves. This form is often called subsp. vitifolius while the more widespread form form grassland and woodland habitats, as shown in the photographs, is known as subsp. vulgaris Brenan & Exell. There is some uncertainty regarding the validity of this taxonomic distinction.
Note-2: This species is only recognized easily when the distinctly winged capsules (image 5 & 6) are present.
Derivation of specific name: vitifolius: leaves vine-like (like a Vitis)
Habitat: In a variety of woodland and grassland habitats or roadsides, often on alluvial soils. One form is found in forest.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in the Old World tropics and subtropics; probably introduced in tropical America.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Perennial, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 18 April 2012
Literature:

Exell, A.W. (1961). Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 470 - 472.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 290. as Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vulgaris (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 61.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 75.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 288 - 289. (Includes a picture).


Comments

comments powered by Disqus

Other sources of information about Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius
Flora of Mozambique: Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius
Flora of Zambia: Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius

External websites:

African Plant Database: Hibiscus vitifolius
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Hibiscus vitifolius
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hibiscus vitifolius
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hibiscus vitifolius
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hibiscus vitifolius
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Hibiscus vitifolius
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hibiscus vitifolius
Ispot Southern Africa : Hibiscus vitifolius
JSTOR Plant Science: Hibiscus vitifolius
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hibiscus vitifolius
Tropicos: Hibiscus vitifolius
West African Plants database: Hibiscus vitifolius


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=139680, retrieved 25 July 2016

Site software last modified: 2 July 2016 1:03pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use