Ochna arenaria De Wild. & T. Durand

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Ochna arenaria

Photo: Charles Brightman
Chamabonda Vlei, Zambezi National Park.

Ochna arenaria

Photo: Charles Brightman
Chamabonda Vlei, Zambezi National Park.

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Synonyms: Brackenridgea arenaria (De Wild. & Dur.) N. Robson
Brackenridgea ferruginea (Engl.) Van Tiegh.
Campylochnella angustifolia (Engl. & Gilg) Van Tiegh.
Campylochnella arenaria De Wild. & Dur.) Van Tiegh
Campylochnella pungens Van Tiegh.
Campylochnella roseiflora (Engl. & Gilg) Van Tiegh.
Campylochnella thollonii Van Tiegh.
Ochna angustifolia Engl. & Gilg
Ochna bequaertii De Wild.
Ochna ferruginea Engl.
Ochna floribunda Baker
Ochna roseiflora Engl. & Gilg.
Pleuroridgea ferruginea (Engl.) Van Tiegh.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizomatous small shrub up to 1 m high, rarely taller, usually flowering just above ground level; bark brown, more or less rough and flaking. Leaves oblong or elliptic to oblanceolate or more rarely obovate, 4–15 cm long, veining prominent above, plane beneath; margin densely more or less curved-glandular-serrulate or more rarely entire; petiole up to 14 mm long. Flowers solitary or in clusters up to 4, often with several clusters together, at the base of current year’s shoots, appearing before the leaves; pedicels 1–2·5 cm long in fruit. Sepals pink, oblong, 5–6 mm long in flower, spreading or reflexed after flowering, becoming crimson-red, broadly oblong, 8–10 mm long, flat and spreading or reflexed in fruit. Petals obovate to narrowly oblanceolate, 6–8 mm. long, white, often tinged pink or with a pink centre line. Carpels 5–7, with styles completely united. Drupelets 6–8 mm wide, compressed.
Notes: This species is easily distinguished when in flower by the white to pinkish flowers. When not in flower the fin-like stipules are characteristic.
Derivation of specific name: arenaria: of sandy places
Habitat: Deciduous woodland and margins of vleis, on sandy soils.
Altitude range: (metres) 915 - 1675 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Rwanda, Burundi, western Tanzania, Zambia,Zimbabwe and northern Namibia.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C
Growth form(s): Shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 4 November 2017
Literature:

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 64.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 81. as Brackenridgea arenaria

Robson, N.K.B. (1963). Ochnaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 254 - 255. As Brackenridgea arenaria

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 220.


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Other sources of information about Ochna arenaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Ochna arenaria
Flora of Zambia: Ochna arenaria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ochna arenaria
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ochna arenaria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ochna arenaria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ochna arenaria
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ochna arenaria
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ochna arenaria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ochna arenaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ochna arenaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ochna arenaria
Ispot Southern Africa: Ochna arenaria
JSTOR Plant Science: Ochna arenaria
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ochna arenaria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ochna arenaria
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ochna arenaria
Tropicos: Ochna arenaria


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ochna arenaria.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=140120, retrieved 20 November 2017

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