Ochna pulchra Hook.
subsp. pulchra

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Ochna pulchra subsp. pulchra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Ochna pulchra subsp. pulchra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinotimba, Victoria Falls

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Synonyms: Ochna antunesii Engl. & Gilg
Common names: Mermaid tree (English) Mumhinu (Shona) Munzeramanga (Shona) Muparamhosva (Shona) Musvodzabveni (Shona) Mutswatswari (Shona) Muvezeramhanga (Shona) Peeling-bark ochna (English) Umnyelenyele (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Small deciduous tree. Bark very distinctive, rough and scale-like on the lower stem, flaking and smooth higher up (hence giving rise to the name of Mermaid tree). Leaves elliptic to oblanceolate, appearing entire but usually indistinctly toothed near the apex. Flowers pale yellow, very short-lived. Fruit 1-3 small kidney-shaped drupes, surrounded by the pink to red, elongated, persistent calyx.
Derivation of specific name: pulchra: beautiful
Habitat: In open woodland, particularly on sandy soils.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 1560 m
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 15 July 2007

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 298 - 301. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 460 - 461. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 260.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 144 - 145. (Includes a picture).

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 86. (Includes a picture).

Robson, N.K.B. (1963). Ochnaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 228 - 229.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 90.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 50. as Ochna antunesii

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 220. as Ochna pulchra


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Other sources of information about Ochna pulchra subsp. pulchra:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ochna pulchra subsp. pulchra
Flora of Caprivi: Ochna pulchra subsp. pulchra
Flora of Mozambique: Ochna pulchra subsp. pulchra
Flora of Zambia: Ochna pulchra subsp. pulchra

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ochna pulchra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ochna pulchra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ochna pulchra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ochna pulchra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ochna pulchra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ochna pulchra
Ispot Southern Africa : Ochna pulchra
JSTOR Plant Science: Ochna pulchra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ochna pulchra
Tropicos: Ochna pulchra
West African Plants database: Ochna pulchra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ochna pulchra subsp. pulchra.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=140280, retrieved 9 December 2016

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