Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.

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Harungana madagascariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Globe Rock, Vumba

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Synonyms: Arungana paniculata Pers.
Haronga madagascariensis (Lam. ex Poir.) Choisy
Haronga paniculata (Pers.) Lodd. ex Steud.
Common names: Mukaranga (Shona) Mutseti (Shona) Mutsotso (Shona) Orange-milk tree (English) Praying-hands (English)
Frequency: Frequent in suitable habitats
Status: Native
Description:
Small to medium-sized shrubby tree with distinctly russet young leaves and branchlets. Bark brown, rough and scaly, with orange sap when damaged. Leaves opposite, elliptic, up to 20 cm long, dark shiny green above, densely covered in rusty hairs below; margin entire. Young leaves at stem apex flattened together; hence the common name "praying hands". Flowers in dense, branched, terminal heads, creamy-white, hairy inside, with glandular dots near the apex, sweetly scented. Fruit in clusters, 2-4 mm in diameter, greenish-orange to red when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: madagascariensis: of Madagascar
Habitat: Pioneer in cleared areas and forest margins.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1550 m
Flowering time:Jan - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa to Mauritius
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 13 February 2007
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 129. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 735 - 736. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 45.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 260.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 35.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 41.

Robson, N.K.B. (1961). Guttiferae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 391 - 392. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 69.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 316 - 317. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 284 - 285. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Harungana madagascariensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Harungana madagascariensis
Flora of Mozambique: Harungana madagascariensis
Flora of Zambia: Harungana madagascariensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Harungana madagascariensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Harungana madagascariensis
African Plant Database: Harungana madagascariensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Harungana madagascariensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Harungana madagascariensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Harungana madagascariensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Harungana madagascariensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Harungana madagascariensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Harungana madagascariensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Harungana madagascariensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Harungana madagascariensis
Ispot Southern Africa: Harungana madagascariensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Harungana madagascariensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Harungana madagascariensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Harungana madagascariensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Harungana madagascariensis
Tropicos: Harungana madagascariensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Harungana madagascariensis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=140420, retrieved 19 November 2017

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