Adenia spinosa Burtt Davy

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Adenia spinosa

Photo: Jean-Pierre Félu
Hwali R. bridge, Machuchuta CL

Adenia spinosa

Photo: Jean-Pierre Félu
Hwali R. bridge, Machuchuta CL

Adenia spinosa

Photo: Petra Ballings
Hwali River bridge

Adenia spinosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hwali River bridge

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Elephant's foot (English) Spiny greenstem (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Description:
Scrambling deciduous shrub. A tangled mass of thin branches arise from a grotesque succulent, bulbous stem, up to 1.5 m in diameter. Branches armed with blunt spines, which may function as tendrils. Leaves alternate, broadly ovate to elliptic with conspicuous venation, grey-green above, paler below; margin entire or lobed. Flowers unisexual on separate plants, axillary, creamy yellow, male flowers usually in denser clusters than female flowers. Fruit an oval segmented capsule, yellowish green.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: spinosa: spiny
Habitat: Among rocks in hot arid bushveld.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Jul - Jan
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 262.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1978). Passifloraceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 390 - 391.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 91.


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Other sources of information about Adenia spinosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Adenia spinosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Adenia spinosa
African Plant Database: Adenia spinosa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Adenia spinosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Adenia spinosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Adenia spinosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Adenia spinosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Adenia spinosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Adenia spinosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Adenia spinosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Adenia spinosa
Ispot Southern Africa: Adenia spinosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Adenia spinosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Adenia spinosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Adenia spinosa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Adenia spinosa
Tropicos: Adenia spinosa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Adenia spinosa.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=141110, retrieved 11 December 2017

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