Passiflora edulis Sims

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Passiflora edulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Passiflora edulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
John Meikle Forestry Estate, Stapleford

Passiflora edulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Pungwe River at Katiyo Tea Estate

Passiflora edulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zona Tea Estates, near Mt Selinda

Passiflora edulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zona Tea Estates, near Mt Selinda

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Granadilla (English) Passion fruit (English)
Frequency:
Status: Introduced
Description:
Vigorous, herbaceous, perennial climber, widely cultivated for its edible fruit. Stems up to 15 m long, striate, with axillary simple tendrils up to 10 cm long. Leaves alternate, up to 13 × 15 cm, more or less deeply 3-lobed, slightly leathery, glossy green or yellow-green above, paler and duller green below, with 2 glands at the apex of the petiole; margin finely toothed; linear stipules present, c. 1 cm long. Flowers solitary, up to 7 cm in diameter. Petals white. Corona with filaments up to 2.5 cm long in 4-5 rows, white, purple at base. Fruit ovoid to spherical, 4-5 cm in diameter, yellow, greenish-yellow or purplish.
Notes: Well naturalized and sometimes invasive along forest margins and in riverine habitats.
Derivation of specific name: edulis: edible
Habitat: A naturalized, often somewhat invasive weed along the margins of forest and scrub, often in wet or high-rainfall areas.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native of southern Brazil, Paraguay to northern Argentina, cultivated and naturalized in several regions of tropical and southern Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Acraea aglaonice (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 6 February 2012
Literature:

Fernandes, R. & A. (1978). Passifloraceae FZ 4 Page 409.

Henderson, L. (2001). Alien weeds and invasive plants Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 12. Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, S Africa. Page 64. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 66.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 83.


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Other sources of information about Passiflora edulis:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Passiflora edulis
Flora of Mozambique: Passiflora edulis | cultivated Passiflora edulis
Flora of Zambia: Passiflora edulis | cultivated Passiflora edulis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Passiflora edulis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Passiflora edulis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Passiflora edulis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Passiflora edulis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Passiflora edulis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Passiflora edulis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Passiflora edulis
Ispot Southern Africa : Passiflora edulis
JSTOR Plant Science: Passiflora edulis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Passiflora edulis
Tropicos: Passiflora edulis
West African Plants database: Passiflora edulis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Passiflora edulis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=141130, retrieved 21 October 2014

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