Combretum apiculatum Sond.
subsp. apiculatum

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Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Hot Springs Resort and Odzi R.

Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Jamanda Wilderness Area, Mahenye

Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Jamanda Wilderness Area, Mahenye

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Bonda (Shona) Chikukute (Shona) Mudziyaishe (Shona) Mugodo (Shona) Mugoro (Shona) Red bushwillow (English) Tsingidzi (Shona) Umbhondo (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized deciduous tree. Leaves opposite, narrowly to broadly obovate-elliptic or ovate, often with a slender tip to an otherwise rounded apex; margin entire. Flowers in axillary spikes, creamy-green to yellow, strongly scented. Fruit 4-winged, reddish-brown when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: apiculatum: with a short sharp point (apiculate)
Habitat: In dry open woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 300 - 1380 m
Flowering time:Sep - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa as far as KwaZulu-Natal
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Grammodora nigrolineata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 28 December 2015

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 468 - 470. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 262. As Combretum apiculatum

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 129 - 132.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 229. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 47.


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Other sources of information about Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum
Flora of Caprivi: Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum
Flora of Malawi: Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum
Flora of Mozambique: Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum
Flora of Zambia: Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Combretum apiculatum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Combretum apiculatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum apiculatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Combretum apiculatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Combretum apiculatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Combretum apiculatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum apiculatum
Ispot Southern Africa : Combretum apiculatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum apiculatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Combretum apiculatum
Tropicos: Combretum apiculatum
West African Plants database: Combretum apiculatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum., retrieved 30 August 2016

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