Combretum erythrophyllum (Burch.) Sond.

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Combretum erythrophyllum

Photo: Bart Wursten
By rd from Shashe Wilderness Camp to the National Parks office

Combretum erythrophyllum

Photo: Bart Wursten
By rd from Shashe Wilderness Camp to the National Parks office

Combretum erythrophyllum

Photo: Bart Wursten
By rd from Shashe Wilderness Camp to the National Parks office

Combretum erythrophyllum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Pokoteke Gorge, near Masvingo

Combretum erythrophyllum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Pokoteke Gorge, near Masvingo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Combretum glomuleriflorum Sond.
Combretum lyndenburgianum Engl. & Diels
Combretum salicifolium sensu Munro
Common names: Chitiswati (Shona) Mudhuvu (Shona) Mudiki (Shona) Mupuma (Shona) Mutepe (Shona) River bushwillow (English) Umdubu (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Medium-sized spreading tree, sometimes multi-stemmed and branching low down. Bark pale grey, smooth, flaking and mottled in older specimens. Leaves, sub-opposite, whorled or sometimes alternate, elliptic, up to 10 × 4 cm, usually about 5 × 2 cm, yellowish-green when young, medium-green above and hairless when older, yellowish-green and finely velvety below; margin entire, often finely hair-fringed. Flowers in dense almost spherical axillary heads, up to 2 × 1.5 cm, cream to pale yellow. Fruit 4-winged, 1-1.5 cm long, normally with a well-developed apical peg, shiny pale green when young, golden-brown when ripe.
Notes: Leaves typically turn bright red to purple in autumn.
Derivation of specific name: erythrophyllum: with red leaves
Habitat: Along river banks.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1500 m
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 27 June 2009
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 156 - 157. (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 112 - 114.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 47.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 55. as Combretum glomeruliflorum var. riparium


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Other sources of information about Combretum erythrophyllum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Combretum erythrophyllum
Flora of Mozambique: Combretum erythrophyllum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Combretum erythrophyllum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Combretum erythrophyllum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Combretum erythrophyllum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum erythrophyllum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Combretum erythrophyllum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Combretum erythrophyllum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Combretum erythrophyllum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum erythrophyllum
Ispot Southern Africa : Combretum erythrophyllum
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum erythrophyllum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Combretum erythrophyllum
Tropicos: Combretum erythrophyllum
West African Plants database: Combretum erythrophyllum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Combretum erythrophyllum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=141910, retrieved 5 December 2016

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