Combretum erythrophyllum (Burch.) Sond.

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Combretum erythrophyllum

Photo: Bart Wursten
By rd from Shashe Wilderness Camp to the National Parks office

Combretum erythrophyllum

Photo: Bart Wursten
By rd from Shashe Wilderness Camp to the National Parks office

Combretum erythrophyllum

Photo: Bart Wursten
By rd from Shashe Wilderness Camp to the National Parks office

Combretum erythrophyllum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Pokoteke Gorge, near Masvingo

Combretum erythrophyllum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Pokoteke Gorge, near Masvingo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Combretum glomuleriflorum Sond.
Combretum lyndenburgianum Engl. & Diels
Combretum salicifolium sensu Munro
Common names: Chitiswati (Shona) Mudhuvu (Shona) Mudiki (Shona) Mupuma (Shona) Mutepe (Shona) River bushwillow (English) Umdubu (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Medium-sized spreading tree, sometimes multi-stemmed and branching low down. Bark pale grey, smooth, flaking and mottled in older specimens. Leaves, sub-opposite, whorled or sometimes alternate, elliptic, up to 10 × 4 cm, usually about 5 × 2 cm, yellowish-green when young, medium-green above and hairless when older, yellowish-green and finely velvety below; margin entire, often finely hair-fringed. Flowers in dense almost spherical axillary heads, up to 2 × 1.5 cm, cream to pale yellow. Fruit 4-winged, 1-1.5 cm long, normally with a well-developed apical peg, shiny pale green when young, golden-brown when ripe.
Notes: Leaves typically turn bright red to purple in autumn.
Derivation of specific name: erythrophyllum: with red leaves
Habitat: Along river banks.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1500 m
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 27 June 2009
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 156 - 157. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Combretum erythrophyllum:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Combretum erythrophyllum
Flora of Mozambique: Combretum erythrophyllum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Combretum erythrophyllum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Combretum erythrophyllum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum erythrophyllum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Combretum erythrophyllum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Combretum erythrophyllum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Combretum erythrophyllum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum erythrophyllum
Ispot Southern Africa : Combretum erythrophyllum
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum erythrophyllum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Combretum erythrophyllum
Tropicos: Combretum erythrophyllum
West African Plants database: Combretum erythrophyllum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Combretum erythrophyllum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=141910, retrieved 26 November 2014

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