Combretum imberbe Wawra

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Combretum imberbe

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls

Combretum imberbe

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls

Combretum imberbe

Photo: Bart Wursten
By guest cottages, Triangle Country Club.

Combretum imberbe

Photo: Bart Wursten
By guest cottages, Triangle Country Club.

Combretum imberbe

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hwange NP, on loop from Main Camp through Dopi Pan

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Combretum primigenum Marloth ex Engl.
Common names: Leadwood (English) Monzo (Shona) Muchenarota (Shona) Mutsviri (Shona) Umtshenalotha (Ndebele) Umtshwili (Ndebele)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Medium to large deciduous tree. Bark pale to dark grey, deeply fissured lengthwise with irregular horizontal cracks; young stems with spine-like opposite branchlets. Leaves elliptic to obovate, often on short, spine-like lateral shoots, grey-green above, hairless, but covered in whitish scales beneath. Flowers in slender axillary spikes, creamy-yellow, sweetly scented. Fruits 4-winged, usually less than 1.5 cm, pale yellowish-green even when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: imberbe: beardless, referring to the hairless leaves
Habitat: In mixed woodland and along dry watercourses.
Altitude range: (metres) 590 - 1320 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: From Tanzania to Angola, Botswana, Namibia, and Limpopo and Mpumalanga, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 17 August 2006

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 480 - 481. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263.

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 109 - 111. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 81. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 102 - 104. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 47.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 69.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 204.


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Other sources of information about Combretum imberbe:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Combretum imberbe
Flora of Caprivi: Combretum imberbe
Flora of Malawi: Combretum imberbe
Flora of Mozambique: Combretum imberbe
Flora of Zambia: Combretum imberbe

External websites:

African Plant Database: Combretum imberbe
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Combretum imberbe
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum imberbe
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Combretum imberbe
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Combretum imberbe
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Combretum imberbe
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum imberbe
Ispot Southern Africa : Combretum imberbe
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum imberbe
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Combretum imberbe
Tropicos: Combretum imberbe
West African Plants database: Combretum imberbe

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Combretum imberbe., retrieved 31 August 2016

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