Combretum imberbe Wawra

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Combretum imberbe

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls

Combretum imberbe

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls

Combretum imberbe

Photo: Bart Wursten
By guest cottages, Triangle Country Club.

Combretum imberbe

Photo: Bart Wursten
By guest cottages, Triangle Country Club.

Combretum imberbe

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hwange NP, on loop from Main Camp through Dopi Pan

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Combretum primigenum Marloth ex Engl.
Common names: Leadwood (English) Monzo (Shona) Muchenarota (Shona) Mutsviri (Shona) Umtshenalotha (Ndebele) Umtshwili (Ndebele)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Medium to large deciduous tree. Bark pale to dark grey, deeply fissured lengthwise with irregular horizontal cracks; young stems with spine-like opposite branchlets. Leaves elliptic to obovate, often on short, spine-like lateral shoots, grey-green above, hairless, but covered in whitish scales beneath. Flowers in slender axillary spikes, creamy-yellow, sweetly scented. Fruits 4-winged, usually less than 1.5 cm, pale yellowish-green even when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: imberbe: beardless, referring to the hairless leaves
Habitat: In mixed woodland and along dry watercourses.
Altitude range: (metres) 590 - 1320 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: From Tanzania to Angola, Botswana, Namibia, and Limpopo and Mpumalanga, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 17 August 2006

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 480 - 481. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263.

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 109 - 111. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 81. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 102 - 104. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 47.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 55.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 69.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 204.


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Other sources of information about Combretum imberbe:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Combretum imberbe
Flora of Caprivi: Combretum imberbe
Flora of Malawi: Combretum imberbe
Flora of Mozambique: Combretum imberbe
Flora of Zambia: Combretum imberbe

External websites:

African Plant Database: Combretum imberbe
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Combretum imberbe
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum imberbe
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Combretum imberbe
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Combretum imberbe
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Combretum imberbe
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum imberbe
Ispot Southern Africa : Combretum imberbe
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum imberbe
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Combretum imberbe
Tropicos: Combretum imberbe
West African Plants database: Combretum imberbe

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Combretum imberbe., retrieved 25 October 2016

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