Combretum microphyllum Klotzsch

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Combretum microphyllum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Rd nr Chisumbanje, Save Valley

Combretum microphyllum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Rd nr Chisumbanje, Save Valley

Combretum microphyllum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Rd nr Chisumbanje, Save Valley

Combretum microphyllum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Rd nr Chisumbanje, Save Valley

Combretum microphyllum

Photo: Mark Hyde
By Mazowe River, Hippo Pools

Combretum microphyllum

Photo: Mark Hyde
By Mazowe River, Hippo Pools

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Combretum paniculatum Vent. subsp. microphyllum (Klotzsch) Wickens
Common names: Bambangwenya (Hlengwe) Burning-bush combretum (English) Ganwa-musero (Shona) Mupfurura (Shona) Mutsiwa (Shona) Mutzutsu (Shona) Riverine flame-creeper (English)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Description:
Large woody creeper. The persistent bases of the petioles modify into woody spines. Leaves opposite or 3-whorled, ovate, oblong-elliptic to sub-circular, glossy dark green above, dull below, venation distinctly yellowish, both sides with or without hairs, apex rounded with a small point; petiole up to 3 cm. Flowers bright red, produced in profusion along the trailing branches, appearing before the new leaves. Fruit c. 25 mm in diameter, 4-winged, light green to pinkish when young, drying to light brown.
Notes: Note: It is similar to C. paniculatum and is sometimes regarded as a subspecies. It differs in its preference for dry and hot, low altitude riverbanks, while C. paniculatum is an uncommon species of moist evergreen forest margins. C. microphyllum normally flowers before the leaves appear.
Derivation of specific name: microphyllum: small-leaved
Habitat: In riverine scrub, where it often covers trees and bushes.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Tropical Africa to Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 8 June 2010
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 804 - 805. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 46.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263. As Combretum paniculatum microphyllum

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 150 - 151.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 35.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 41.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 84, plates 114 & 115

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 464 - 465. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 47.


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Other sources of information about Combretum microphyllum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Combretum microphyllum
Flora of Malawi: Combretum microphyllum
Flora of Mozambique: Combretum microphyllum
Flora of Zambia: Combretum microphyllum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Combretum microphyllum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Combretum microphyllum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum microphyllum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Combretum microphyllum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Combretum microphyllum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Combretum microphyllum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum microphyllum
Ispot Southern Africa : Combretum microphyllum
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum microphyllum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Combretum microphyllum
Tropicos: Combretum microphyllum
West African Plants database: Combretum microphyllum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Combretum microphyllum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=141960, retrieved 27 June 2016

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