Combretum molle R.Br ex G. Don

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Combretum molle

Photo: Bart Wursten
Burma Valley Circular Drive near Vumba Junction

Combretum molle

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Combretum molle

Photo: Bart Wursten
Burma Valley Circular Drive near Vumba Junction

Combretum molle

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gardiner, Arcturus

Combretum molle

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haka Game Park

Combretum molle

Photo: Bart Wursten
Calderwood Park, Peterhouse School

Combretum molle

Photo: Bart Wursten
Calderwood Park, Peterhouse School

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Combretum arbuscula Engl. & Diels
Combretum atalanthum Diels
Combretum gueinzii Sond.
Combretum holosericeum Sond.
Combretum splendens Engl.
Combretum ulugurense Engl. & Diels
Common names: Mubondo (Shona) Mudziyaishe (Shona) Mugoro (Shona) Mukomahamba (Shona) Mupembere (Shona) Umbhondo (Ndebele) Velvet bushwillow (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Small to medium-sized deciduous tree. Leaves broadly elliptic, covered in grey velvety hairs on both surfaces, venation distinctly sunken above. Flowers in dense axillary spikes, greenish yellow, strongly scented. Fruit 4-winged, 1.5-2 cm in diameter, yellowish green, drying to reddish brown.
Notes: Leaves and roots are used as a dressing for wounds; a root extract is also used as a cough medicine. Although the trees are popular with bees, the honey is said to have an unpleasant taste.
Derivation of specific name: molle: soft
Habitat: In a wide variety of savannah and woodland habitats. It is a common constuent of Brachystegia-Julbernardia woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 980 - 1750 m
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: From the Arabian Peninsula, throughout Africa to northern and eastern South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Hamanumida daedalus (Food plant)
Thyas rubricata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 28 September 2015
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 129. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 131 - 134. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 162 - 163. (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 127 - 129. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 47.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 69.


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Other sources of information about Combretum molle:

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Flora of Botswana: Combretum molle
Flora of Malawi: Combretum molle
Flora of Mozambique: Combretum molle
Flora of Zambia: Combretum molle

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Combretum molle
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum molle
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Combretum molle
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Combretum molle
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Combretum molle
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum molle
Ispot Southern Africa : Combretum molle
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum molle
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Combretum molle
Tropicos: Combretum molle
West African Plants database: Combretum molle


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Combretum molle.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=141970, retrieved 26 July 2016

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