Terminalia prunioides M.A. Lawson

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Terminalia prunioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hot Springs

Terminalia prunioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Terminalia prunioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Terminalia prunioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Ivikane (Ndebele) Muchanana (Shona) Purple-pod cluster-leaf (English) Purple-pod terminalia (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree, often multi-stemmed with long drooping branches. Bark, grey to brownish, rough and fibrous; single or paired spines sometimes present at the base of small spur-branchlets. Leaves in clusters on short spur-branchlets, obovate-elliptic, 2-7 cm long, dark green above, paler below, softly hairy when young, later almost hairless; base decurrent along the short petiole; margin entire, fringed with hairs. Flowers in clustered spikes on the spur-branchlets, white to creamy-yellow, unpleasantly scented. Fruit broadly winged 4-6 × 2-3 cm, bright plum-coloured to purple-red.
Derivation of specific name: prunioides: like a Prunus, referring to the bright plum-coloured fruits.
Habitat: In hot, low-altitude open woodland and rocky hillsides.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:Oct - Feb
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 8 June 2010

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 144 - 146. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 496 - 497. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263.

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 168 - 170. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 62 - 63. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 48.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 204.


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Other sources of information about Terminalia prunioides:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Terminalia prunioides
Flora of Caprivi: Terminalia prunioides
Flora of Mozambique: Terminalia prunioides
Flora of Zambia: Terminalia prunioides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Terminalia prunioides
African Plant Database: Terminalia prunioides
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Terminalia prunioides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Terminalia prunioides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Terminalia prunioides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Terminalia prunioides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Terminalia prunioides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Terminalia prunioides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Terminalia prunioides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Terminalia prunioides
Ispot Southern Africa: Terminalia prunioides
JSTOR Plant Science: Terminalia prunioides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Terminalia prunioides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Terminalia prunioides
The Plant List (version 1.1): Terminalia prunioides
Tropicos: Terminalia prunioides

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Terminalia prunioides.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=142180, retrieved 29 March 2017

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