Terminalia stenostachya Engl. & Diels

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Terminalia stenostachya

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gardiner, Arcturus

Terminalia stenostachya

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gardiner, Arcturus

Terminalia stenostachya

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gardiner, Arcturus

Terminalia stenostachya

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Mahenye Airstrip and Chivirira Falls, Mahenye.

Terminalia stenostachya

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Mahenye Airstrip and Chivirira Falls, Mahenye.

Terminalia stenostachya

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Mahenye Airstrip and Chivirira Falls, Mahenye.

Terminalia stenostachya

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Mahenye Airstrip and Chivirira Falls, Mahenye.

Terminalia stenostachya

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Mahenye Airstrip and Chivirira Falls, Mahenye.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Terminalia mollis sensu auctt. p.p.
Terminalia rhodesica R.E. Fr.
Terminalia torulosa sensu auct.
Common names: Mugonono (Shona) Mukononomukadzi (Shona) Mukononomukuru (Shona) Mususu-mukuru (Shona) Rosette Cluster-leaf (English) Rosette-leaved terminalia (English) Umangwe (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Small to medium-sized deciduous tree. Leaves 11-18 × 4.5-7.5 cm, conspicuously clustered into terminal rosettes, elliptic to oblong-elliptic, glabrous but rough and puckered above, with yellowish hairs below. Below the leaf rosettes, the branches are distinctly covered in pitted scars from former leaves, but do not become thickly corky. Flowers in slender, delicate, axillary spikes, creamy-white, unpleasantly scented. Fruit 4.5-6 × 2.5-3 cm, in small clusters among the leaf rosettes, 2-winged with fine short hairs, showy bright red, drying to reddish-brown.
Notes: This species is very similar to T. mollis, which has larger, yellowish-green fruits in large pendulous clusters; leaves larger, smooth and not forming distinct rosettes.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In open woodland.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: DRC and Tanzania south to Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 5 February 2015
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 131. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 822. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 152 - 154. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 168 - 169. (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Page 178.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 48.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 70.


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Other sources of information about Terminalia stenostachya:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Terminalia stenostachya
Flora of Malawi: Terminalia stenostachya
Flora of Mozambique: Terminalia stenostachya
Flora of Zambia: Terminalia stenostachya

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Terminalia stenostachya
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Terminalia stenostachya
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Terminalia stenostachya
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Terminalia stenostachya
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Terminalia stenostachya
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Terminalia stenostachya
Ispot Southern Africa : Terminalia stenostachya
JSTOR Plant Science: Terminalia stenostachya
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Terminalia stenostachya
Tropicos: Terminalia stenostachya
West African Plants database: Terminalia stenostachya


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Terminalia stenostachya.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=142230, retrieved 29 July 2016

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