Heterotis canescens (E. Mey. ex R.A. Graham) Jacq.-Fél.

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Heterotis canescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Juliasdale to Mutare rd, N of Nyakupinga river bridge

Heterotis canescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Juliasdale to Mutare rd, N of Nyakupinga river bridge

Heterotis canescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Below dam wall, Cleveland Dam

Heterotis canescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chakoma, NE of Harare

Heterotis canescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani

Heterotis canescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani

Heterotis canescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Dissotis canescens (R. A. Graham) Hook. f.
Dissotis incana (Naudin) Triana
Osbeckia canescens E. Mey. ex R.A. Graham
Common names: Marsh dissotis (English) Musukandarira (Shona) Nyarumvurwe (Shona) Ruhororo (Shona)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial herb with annual stems up to 1.5 m tall, usually smaller. Stems unbranched or sparsely branched, purple-red, 4-angled, hairy. Leaves opposite, linear-oblong to ovate-oblong, up to 7.5 cm long, dark green or purple-brownish green above, greyish green below, 3-5- veined from the base; margin entire or rarely finely serrate. Flowers in dense clusters in the upper leaf axils, together forming compact terminal heads, pink to bright purple. Anthers dimorphous. Fruit c. 7 × 5.5 mm, crowned by the persistent sepals.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: canescens: becoming greyish, referring to the whitish hairs covering parts of the plant.
Habitat: In marshy areas, vleis and along streams, often forming extensive colonies in suitable habitat.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1660 m
Flowering time:Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 18 March 2010
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 56 - 57. as Dissotis canescens (Includes a picture).

Fernandes, R. & A. (1961). Contribution to the knowledge of the MELASTOMATOIDEAE of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Kirkia 1 Pages 73 - 74. as Dissotis canescens

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 85, plate 116

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Pages 119 - 120. as Dissotis canescens


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Other sources of information about Heterotis canescens:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Heterotis canescens
Flora of Mozambique: Heterotis canescens
Flora of Zambia: Heterotis canescens

External websites:

African Plant Database: Heterotis canescens
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Heterotis canescens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Heterotis canescens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Heterotis canescens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Heterotis canescens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Heterotis canescens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Heterotis canescens
Ispot Southern Africa : Heterotis canescens
JSTOR Plant Science: Heterotis canescens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Heterotis canescens
Tropicos: Heterotis canescens
West African Plants database: Heterotis canescens


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Heterotis canescens.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=142520, retrieved 31 July 2016

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