Myrsine africana L.

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Myrsine africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
John Meikle Forestry Estate, Stapleford

Myrsine africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
John Meikle Forestry Estate, Stapleford

Myrsine africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Myrsine africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near World's View, Nyanga

Myrsine africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near World's View, Nyanga

Myrsine africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near World's View, Nyanga

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Cape myrtle (English) Small myrsine (English)
Status: Native
Usually a small woody shrub, rarely a small tree. Bark reddish brown. Leaves alternate, lanceolate, elliptic to almost circular, normally less than 2 × 1 cm, leathery, hairless; brown translucent glands present in the lamina; margin entire or with small but distinct teeth in the upper half. Flowers small, pink with pink or red stamens longer than the petals. Fruit somewhat fleshy, c. 4 mm in diameter, pink when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: Along the margins of evergreen forest and in miombo woodland, often among rocks.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Oct - May
Worldwide distribution: From Ethiopia and Sudan southwards through eastern Africa to Angola and the Cape province of South Africa also in the Azores, Socotra and across Asia to C China.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 10 August 2015

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 216. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 867 - 868.

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 21.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 265.

Kupicha, F.K. (1983). Myrsinaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 201 - 203. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 64.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 81.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 500 - 501. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 126.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 146 - 147. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 405 - 408. (Includes a picture).


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Flora of Malawi: Myrsine africana
Flora of Mozambique: Myrsine africana
Flora of Zambia: Myrsine africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Myrsine africana
African Plant Database: Myrsine africana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Myrsine africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Myrsine africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Myrsine africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Myrsine africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Myrsine africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Myrsine africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Myrsine africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Myrsine africana
Ispot Southern Africa: Myrsine africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Myrsine africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Myrsine africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Myrsine africana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Myrsine africana
Tropicos: Myrsine africana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Myrsine africana., retrieved 30 March 2017

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