Rapanea melanophloeos (L.) Mez

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Rapanea melanophloeos

Photo: Bart Wursten
Globe Rock, Vumba

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Synonyms: Myrsine melanophloeos (L.) R. Br.
Myrsine neurophylla Gilg
Myrsine rhodondendroides Gilg
Myrsine runssorica Gilg
Rapanea neurophylla (Gilg) Mez
Rapanea pellucido-striata Gilg & Schellenb.
Rapanea pulchra Gilg & Schellenb.
Rapanea rhodondendroides (Gilg) mez
Rapanea runssorica (Gilg) Mez
Rapanea schliebenii Mildbr.
Rapanea ulugurensis Mez
Rapanea umbratilis S. Moore
Rapanea usambarensis Gilg & Schellenb.
Sideroxylon melanophloeos L.
Common names: Cape beech (English) Mudonera (Shona) Mudongera (Shona) Mufuro (Shona) Mukwiramakoko (Shona) Murwiti (Shona) Mutomo (Shona)
Status: Native
Small to large evergreen tree with a straight stem, sometimes fluted at the base in large specimens. Leaves are crowded near the end of branches and the petioles are typically pink to red turning purple-brown in older leaves; lamina with translucent dots and streaks. The flowers are borne in small inconspicuous fascicles, axillary along the branches
Derivation of specific name: melanophloeos: with black bark
Habitat: A species of montane evergreen and riverine forests, sometimes on more exposed rocky cliffs in high rainfall areas.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Jun - Aug (often later)
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and southern Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 216. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 869. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 265.

Kupicha, F.K. (1983). Myrsinaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 204 - 206. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 64.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 81.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 500 - 501. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 126.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 202 - 203. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 407 - 408. (Includes a picture).


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Flora of Malawi: Rapanea melanophloeos
Flora of Mozambique: Rapanea melanophloeos
Flora of Zambia: Rapanea melanophloeos

External websites:

African Plant Database: Rapanea melanophloeos
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Rapanea melanophloeos
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rapanea melanophloeos
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rapanea melanophloeos
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rapanea melanophloeos
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Rapanea melanophloeos
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rapanea melanophloeos
Ispot Southern Africa : Rapanea melanophloeos
JSTOR Plant Science: Rapanea melanophloeos
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rapanea melanophloeos
Tropicos: Rapanea melanophloeos
West African Plants database: Rapanea melanophloeos

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rapanea melanophloeos.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=143560, retrieved 27 July 2016

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