Azima tetracantha Lam.

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images

Azima tetracantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Azima tetracantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Azima tetracantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Needle bush (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Description:
Spiny scrambling shrub. Spines often in whorls of 4; branches 4-angled. Leaves elliptic to oblong, leathery, sharp-tipped at the apex. Flowers in axillary catkin-like inflorescences, greenish, sometimes flushed pink; sexes separate on different trees. Fruit thinly fleshy subspherical with a pointed tip, yellowish to white when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: tetracantha: with 4 spines.
Habitat: In hot, dry riverine scrub, particularly on alluvial or saline soils.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:Sep - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread from Somalia, through East and Central Africa to Namibia and South Africa. Also in Madagascar, Aldabara, Comoro islands and from Arabia to India and Sri Lanka and the Philippines.
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 921.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 107.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 267.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 75.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 95.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 536 - 537. (Includes a picture).

Vickery, A.R. (1983). Salvadoraceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 375 - 376. (Includes a picture).


Comments

comments powered by Disqus

Other sources of information about Azima tetracantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Azima tetracantha
Flora of Mozambique: Azima tetracantha
Flora of Zambia: Azima tetracantha

External websites:

African Plant Database: Azima tetracantha
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Azima tetracantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Azima tetracantha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Azima tetracantha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Azima tetracantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Azima tetracantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Azima tetracantha
Ispot Southern Africa : Azima tetracantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Azima tetracantha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Azima tetracantha
Tropicos: Azima tetracantha
West African Plants database: Azima tetracantha


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Azima tetracantha.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=144260, retrieved 29 May 2016

Site software last modified: 15 January 2016 10:17am (GMT +2)
Terms of use