Salvadora persica L.
var. persica

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Salvadora persica var. persica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no6 between no3 and no2, Gorongosa National Park.

Salvadora persica var. persica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no6 between no3 and no2, Gorongosa National Park.

Salvadora persica var. persica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no6 between no3 and no2, Gorongosa National Park.

Salvadora persica var. persica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no6 between no3 and no2, Gorongosa National Park.

Salvadora persica var. persica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no6 between no3 and no2, Gorongosa National Park.

Salvadora persica var. persica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no6 between no3 and no2, Gorongosa National Park.

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Mustard-tree (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Scrambling unarmed shrub or small tree. Young branches green with greyish hairs. Leaves oblong-elliptic to subcircular, 2-5 cm long, pale to mid-green, rather thick and fleshy, sometimes with gland dots seen against the light; apex with a sharp point; base running into the very short petiole. Flowers greenish-white, very small in loose branched terminal and axillary heads. Fruit ovoid 5-10 mm long, pink to red when ripe, edible with a sweet but peppery taste.
Notes: See var. pubescens for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: persica: of Persia (now Iran)
Habitat: In riverine thickets, dry deciduous woodland, along pans and floodplains, often on saline soils and termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:Jun - Sep
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa to Namibia, Botswana and Limpopo, South Africa. Also to Egypt, Arabia and Asia as far as Sri Lanka.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Colotis amata calais (Food plant)
Eronia leda (Larval food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 26 December 2009
Literature:

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 532 - 533. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 267.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 100.


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Other sources of information about Salvadora persica var. persica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Salvadora persica var. persica
Flora of Caprivi: Salvadora persica var. persica
Flora of Malawi: Salvadora persica var. persica
Flora of Mozambique: Salvadora persica var. persica
Flora of Zambia: Salvadora persica var. persica

External websites:

African Plant Database: Salvadora persica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Salvadora persica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Salvadora persica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Salvadora persica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Salvadora persica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Salvadora persica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Salvadora persica
Ispot Southern Africa : Salvadora persica
JSTOR Plant Science: Salvadora persica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Salvadora persica
Tropicos: Salvadora persica
West African Plants database: Salvadora persica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Salvadora persica var. persica.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=144280, retrieved 29 May 2016

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